Jiangxi

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Related to Jiangxi Province: Kiangsi province, History of Jiangxi

Jiangxi

(jyäng`sē`) or

Kiangsi

(kyăng`sē`, jyäng`–), province (2010 pop. 44,567,475), c.66,000 sq mi (170,940 sq km), SE China. NanchangNanchang
, city (1994 est. pop. 1,168,700), capital of Jiangxi prov., China, on the Gan River, near the southern end of Poyang Lake. A major transportation center, it has a port, rail links to Shanghai, Zhejiang, and Hunan, and an airport.
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 is the capital. The largely hilly and mountainous surface is drained by many rivers; the longest is the navigable Gan, which flows NE to Poyang lake. In Jiangxi's fertile soil and mild climate agriculture flourishes; the growing season is 9 to 11 months long, and more than one third of the area is cultivated. Jiangxi is one of China's leading rice producers; other food crops include wheat, sweet potatoes, barley, and corn. Commerical crops are cotton, oil-bearing plants (rapeseed, sesame, soybeans, and peanuts), ramie, tea, sugarcane, tobacco, and oranges. Ten percent of the province is forested, and a lumbering industry has developed. Tung and mulberry trees are grown; a large, integrated silk complex is at Nanchang. Livestock raising and fish culture are important. Jiangxi is an important source of tungsten; it also has high-grade coking coal (near Pingxiang) and kaolin, which supplies the ancient porcelain industry of Jingdezhen. Manganese, tin, lead, zinc, iron, and antimony are also found. The province has a variety of heavy and light industries that produce petrochemicals, textiles, processed food, and printed materials. Cities, such as Nanchang, Jiujiang, Ganzhou, and Linchuan, are generally situated along the Gan River or on the province's two main railroads. The population in the north consists of largely Chinese who speak the Gan (Jiangxi) variety of Mandarin, while in the south, adjoining Guangdong, there is a large Hakka minority. Jiangxi, linked with Guangdong by the Meiling Pass, has been for centuries China's main north-south corridor for migration and communication. Traditionally known as Gan, Jiangxi was ruled by the Chou dynasty (722–481 B.C.); it received its present name only under the Southern Sung dynasty (A.D. 1127–1280). The province, whose present boundaries date from the Ming dynasty, passed under Manchu rule in 1650. The Chinese Communist movement began (1927) in Jiangxi; the province was a stronghold for the Communists until they were dislodged in 1934. The famous long marchlong march,
Chin., Changzheng, the journey of c.6,000 mi (9,660 km) undertaken by the Red Army of China in 1934–35. When their Jiangxi prov. Soviet base was encircled by the Nationalist army of Chiang Kai-shek, some 90,000 men and women broke through the siege (Oct.
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 began from Jiangxi. Following World War II, during which Jiangxi was largely free of Japanese forces, the province passed (1949) to the Communists.

Jiangxi

, Kiangsi
a province of SE central China, in the basins of the Kan River and Poyang Lake: mineral resources include coal and tungsten. Capital: Nanchang. Pop.: 42 220 000 (2003 est.). Area: 164 800 sq. km (64 300 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Call for tender building of a dynamic groundwater model for the near-surface aquifers of the poyang river basin and implementation of a graphic environmental information system for the catchment area of poyang lake in the chinese jiangxi province 16/3/18
Dinosaur fossils have been recovered from Jiangxi province on a number of occasions in the past, and the workers, when faced with the oddly-shaped lumps, stopped work and contacted the local police, who first cordoned off the area to ensure no damage was done to the stone lumps, and then called local museum authorities, according to (https://www.
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Michael Hinchliffe, Managing Director of Hargreaves Foundry, said: "We were pleased to be included in the reception for the delegation from Jiangxi Province.
According to China Daily, nine deaths were reported in east China's Jiangxi Province and four were reported in south China's Guangdong Province, the Ministry of Civil Affairs said in a statement on Sunday.
Also the following acknowledgment should have appeared in the ENDNOTES: "This study was supported in part by the Natural Science Foundation of Educational Commission of Jiangxi Province (2010GZN0034, GJJ12227).
The suspect, from Jiangxi province, entered the Philippines last October 29, police said.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Downpours since Thursday caused flooding threats in rivers and lakes in East China's Jiangxi Province, forcing an evacuation of some 10,000 people by Saturday.
Chen, president of Chang Hwa, said the bank will accelerate tapping the financial market in China and study the feasibility of setting up footholds in Wuhan, Hubei Province; Changsha, Hunan Province; and Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, aiming to set up a subsidiary in China within two years.
The company will use the financing to build an expressway in the Jiangxi province in eastern China.
In September, three people were killed in an explosion at a privately-owned chemical plant in east Chinas Jiangxi province.
A car exploded outside the prosecutor's office in Fuzhou city, then 10 minutes later an explosion went off at a district government building and 15 minutes later a car exploded outside a drug administration office, said an official at the information office of Jiangxi province, where Fuzhou is located.