Jidda

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Jidda

(jĭ`də) or

Jedda

(jĕ–), city (1993 est. pop. 2,058,000), Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea. Jidda is the port of MeccaMecca
or Makkah
, city (1993 pop. 966,381), capital of the Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia. The birthplace c.A.D. 570 of Muhammad the Prophet, it is the holiest city of Islam, and the goal of the annual Muslim hajj. It is c.
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 (c.45 mi/72 km to the east) and annually receives a huge influx of pilgrims, mainly from Africa, Indonesia, and Pakistan. Unlike Mecca, Jidda has always accepted visitors of all religions. The diverse local population includes a large admixture of Africans, Persians, Yemenis, and Indians. Most are employed in the oil industry. There are few exports, but many goods are imported to support the pilgrims. The city is the administrative capital of Saudi Arabia. Jidda was ruled by the Turks until 1916, when it became part of the independent HejazHejaz
or Hedjaz
, region, c.150,000 sq mi (388,500 sq km), NW Saudi Arabia, on the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea. Mecca is the chief city. Extending S to Asir, Hejaz is mainly a dissected highland region lying between the narrow, long coastal strip and the interior
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. In 1925 it was conquered by Ibn Saud. Oil wealth brought expansion of the city and its seaport; the city walls came down in 1947 and a desalinization plant was built in the 1970s. Present Jidda is not more than three centuries old, but Old Jidda, c.12 mi (19 km) south of the modern city, was founded c.646 by the caliph Uthman.

Jidda

 

(Juddah), a city in Saudi Arabia. Population, 194,000 (1965). A port on the Red Sea, it has an airport. Jidda is a large commercial and industrial center of the’ province of Hejaz. There is boat-building and working of marble in the city. The city has soap, furniture, footwear and luggage factories as well as enterprises of the textile and food industries. Religious articles are manufactured in Jidda, and there are cement, oxygen, and brick factories nearby. Jidda is a transit point for pilgrims on a hajj.

Jidda

, Jedda
a port in W Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea: the diplomatic capital of the country; the port of entry for Mecca, 80 km (50 miles) east. Pop.: 3 807 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
El-Gezawi flew to Jiddah on his way to perform a minor pilgrimage, called umrah, to Islam's holy shrines in the Saudi cities of Mecca and Medina, said Shereen el-Gezawi.
Bin Laden, estudiante en la universidad del rey Abdulaziz de Jiddah, asistio a las conferencias del egipcio.
The Saudis will host a meeting of crude-producing and consuming nations in Jiddah on June 22 to discuss how to control soaring prices.
The UN secretary-general met Alial-Naimi in the port city of Jiddah during a one-day trip to the world's largest oil producer.
Until I talk to them and find out why they are scribbling all over Jiddah and do my part in offering them the services we're supposed to provide, then I can't punish or criticize them.
In 1998, George Tenet, just a year into his directorship of the CIA, and John McLaughlin, his deputy director for intelligence, had flown to Jiddah to meet with Bandar.
We have accounted for all Americans on the compound in Jiddah and none of them are being held hostage, '' Kalin said.
According to Soraya Altorki, a sociologist who has studied women, marriage, and the family in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, the Arabic word fitnah denotes the disorderly behavior of men who have been sexually tempted by women; the word also means "femme fatale, a woman who can drive men to distraction and destruction.
After the furniture giant's branch in the Red Sea city of Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, announced it was offering credit vouchers to the first 250 clients on Wednesday shoppers camped outside.
Meeting in the western city of Jiddah, Prince Abdullah, who is effectively the leader of Saudi Arabia, expressed approval of Komura's visit as special envoy to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi as showing the importance Japan is placing on the Middle East.
The Airbus A310 aircraft was on the runway at Jiddah airport, Saudi Arabia, preparing for takeoff when the pilot detected an engine problem.
The main gateway is the capital, Riyadh (RUH), in the center of the country; travelers can also find international service on the western coast in Jiddah (JED), which is also the major port.