Jidda

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Jidda

(jĭ`də) or

Jedda

(jĕ–), city (1993 est. pop. 2,058,000), Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea. Jidda is the port of MeccaMecca
or Makkah
, city (1993 pop. 966,381), capital of the Hejaz, W Saudi Arabia. The birthplace c.A.D. 570 of Muhammad the Prophet, it is the holiest city of Islam, and the goal of the annual Muslim hajj. It is c.
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 (c.45 mi/72 km to the east) and annually receives a huge influx of pilgrims, mainly from Africa, Indonesia, and Pakistan. Unlike Mecca, Jidda has always accepted visitors of all religions. The diverse local population includes a large admixture of Africans, Persians, Yemenis, and Indians. Most are employed in the oil industry. There are few exports, but many goods are imported to support the pilgrims. The city is the administrative capital of Saudi Arabia. Jidda was ruled by the Turks until 1916, when it became part of the independent HejazHejaz
or Hedjaz
, region, c.150,000 sq mi (388,500 sq km), NW Saudi Arabia, on the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea. Mecca is the chief city. Extending S to Asir, Hejaz is mainly a dissected highland region lying between the narrow, long coastal strip and the interior
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. In 1925 it was conquered by Ibn Saud. Oil wealth brought expansion of the city and its seaport; the city walls came down in 1947 and a desalinization plant was built in the 1970s. Present Jidda is not more than three centuries old, but Old Jidda, c.12 mi (19 km) south of the modern city, was founded c.646 by the caliph Uthman.

Jidda

 

(Juddah), a city in Saudi Arabia. Population, 194,000 (1965). A port on the Red Sea, it has an airport. Jidda is a large commercial and industrial center of the’ province of Hejaz. There is boat-building and working of marble in the city. The city has soap, furniture, footwear and luggage factories as well as enterprises of the textile and food industries. Religious articles are manufactured in Jidda, and there are cement, oxygen, and brick factories nearby. Jidda is a transit point for pilgrims on a hajj.

Jidda

, Jedda
a port in W Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea: the diplomatic capital of the country; the port of entry for Mecca, 80 km (50 miles) east. Pop.: 3 807 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Mohammed Merdad, the lead Fire Prevention engineer for the Jiddah area LPD, recognized Binmahfoodh's competency and steady growth during her time with LPD - something that is critical for all young engineers.
"The peace deal resulted in restoration of normal relations between the countries, on the basis of the close bonds of geography, history and culture between the two nations and their peoples," Saudi Arabia said in a statement Sunday, calling the accord the "Jiddah Agreement."
(15) Specifically, Camoes mentions the town of Tur, Saint Catharine of Alexandria, Jiddah and Aden.
Foreign embassies were restricted to Jiddah, a port city already tainted by contact with the outside world.
He is leaving Jiddah for Bosnia next week, one of hundreds of Muslims from the Arab world and beyond who have chosen to work and fight alongside the Bosnians....
The transplanted womb had to be removed after 99 days due to blood clots, reported Wafa Fageeh, MD and colleagues at the King Fahad Hospital in Jiddah in the March issue of the International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics.
The perception might be wrongheaded and perverse, failing to account for the prompt deliveries of McDonald's cheeseburgers and Arnold Schwarzenegger movies, but the mistake is an easy one to make in Jiddah when having one's right hand cut off for the crime of petty theft or being sentenced to a punishment of 400 lashes for failing to heed a call to prayer.
The Saudi Arabian Airlines plane was heading from the Sudanese capital Khartoum to Jiddah.
SAUDI ARABIA: IndianShahnaz Babu Mohammed Ali was beheaded in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, for murdering three women.
Bush's initiative towards ending the Arab-Israeli conflict (see Arab Affairs, Arabs-Israel & Palestine), with FM Prince Saud Al Faisal telling a press conference in Jiddah: "It contained a clear American commitment towards finding a solution to the Middle East crisis.