Jimmy Hoffa

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Related to Jimmy Hoffa: Teamsters
Jimmy Hoffa
James Riddle Hoffa
BirthplaceBrazil, Indiana, United States
Labor union leader, author

Hoffa, Jimmy

(James Riddle Hoffa) (hôf`ə), 1913–75?, U.S. labor leader, b. Brazil, Indiana. As a young warehouseman he organized (1932) a union that was admitted two years later into the Teamsters UnionTeamsters Union,
U.S. labor union formed in 1903 by the amalgamation of the Team Drivers International Union and the Teamsters National Union. Its full name is the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen, and Helpers of America (IBT).
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. Hoffa rose swiftly in the Teamsters, in 1952 becoming international vice president and in 1957 succeeding Dave Beck as president. Evidence of corruption in the union revealed by a Senate investigating committee in 1957 led to the expulsion from the American Federation of Labor–Congress of Industrial Organizations of the Teamsters, which had been the federation's largest affiliate. Moreover, Hoffa was forced to accept a board of monitors to supervise his activities as Teamsters president.

Despite efforts from outside the union to remove him, Hoffa was reelected president by acclamation in 1961. In 1962 a federal grand jury indicted him for accepting illegal payments from a Detroit trucking company; the case ended in a mistrial. Hoffa's power continued to grow, and by 1964 he was able to effect the trucking industry's first national contract. In the same year, however, he was convicted of jury tampering and of fraud in handling the union benefits fund, and was sentenced to a 13-year prison term. After all appeals had been exhausted, Hoffa began (1967) serving his sentence, but he retained the Teamster presidency until 1971, when he resigned. In the same year, President Nixon commuted Hoffa's sentence, with the parole provision that he not engage in union activity until 1980. After his release, Hoffa promoted prison reform. He disappeared in 1975 and is widely assumed to have been murdered.


See his autobiography, The Trials of Jimmy Hoffa (1970); W. Sheridan, The Fall and Rise of Jimmy Hoffa (1972); D. Moldea, The Hoffa Wars (1978); T. Russell, Out of the Jungle: Jimmy Hoffa and the Remaking of the American Working Class (2001).

His son, James Philip Hoffa, 1941–, b. Detroit, is a labor lawyer. He was narrowly defeated when he ran for the Teamster's presidency in 1996 but won the post in a 1998 contest and was reelected in 2001, 2006, 2011, and 2016..

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Hoffa, (James Riddle) Jimmy

(1913–?1975) labor leader; born in Brazil, Ind. He became an organizer for the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) in 1934, rising rapidly through the union's ranks. He was elected IBT president in 1957 and gained notoriety for his aggressive tactics against all who opposed him, both inside and outside the labor movement. Target of a 1957 U.S. Senate investigation into union corruption, he was later convicted of jury tampering, fraud, and conspiracy, and sent to prison in 1967. His sentence was commuted in 1971, and he was rumored to be trying to regain power within the IBT when in 1975 he disappeared. Rumors as to how he died continued to surface but his body was never found.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Critique: An impressively candid, informatively detailed, inherently fascinating insider account, "That Punk Jimmy Hoffa! Coffey's Transfer at War with the Teamsters" is a unique and extraordinary historical footnote to the history of the national teamster's union and the corruption that was to eventually take it down.
Jimmy Hoffa knew all about the cupidity of man and once famously told a reporter: "Every man has his price.
That's like Jimmy Hoffa going out to dinner with Bill Ford," The Hall of Famer said.
Efforts by geoscientists to find reliable short-term warning signs of ruptures in the Earth's crust have been no more successful than attempts to build perpetual motion machines, find Jimmy Hoffa or make money from cold fusion.
From the '40s into the'90s if Paulie ruled that you'd broken the code you were as finished as Jimmy Hoffa.
Dash's sharp mind and quick wit was illustrated by colorful stories and impressions of Jimmy Hoffa, which brought the house down when he was my teacher at age 78.
Polk, Her Hats, Her Pets, Sweet Love, and the Modern-Day Labor Movement" is the story of labor leader Regina Polk and her efforts to campaign for better workplace conditions for everyone, idolizing Teamster leader Jimmy Hoffa. A story of compassion and desire to change the world, "I am a Teamster" tells an unknown story well worth reading for those looking for the history of labor leaders.
The story "Conspiracies: A Very Condensed 937-Page Novel," by Mike Resnick and Eric Flint, in which Jimmy Hoffa fakes his own death a second time and saves America from an alien invasion, gets my vote for the most innovative story I've read all year.
William Calley, Jimmy Hoffa, Robert Vesco, Abe Fortas, Clement Haynsworth, John Lennon, the Berrigan Brothers, the Black Panthers, and ITT.
ANSWERS: 1 An apple; 2 Jimmy Hoffa; 3 Turandot; 4 Skegness; 5 Twenty; 6 Bob Geldof; 7 GoldenEye; 8 Gentlemen Prefer Blondes; 9 Hieroglyphics; 10 Brazil.
Thaddeus Russell, currently a visiting professor of history and political science at the New School for Social Research, has published Out of the Jungle: Jimmy Hoffa and the Remaking of the American Working Class (2001).