Chin

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Chin,

dynasty of China (265–420): see TsinTsin
or Chin
, dynasty of China that ruled from 265 to 420, after the period of the Three Kingdoms. It was divided into two phases: the Western Tsin (265–317) and the Eastern Tsin (317–420).
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Chin

 

a kingdom in ancient China from the 11th to fourth centuries B.C., located in what is now Shansi Province. From 632 to 546, Chin was one of the most powerful of the ancient Chinese kingdoms, and its ruler held the title of hegemon (pa). In the fifth century Chin was weakened by internecine struggles among the noble houses. As a result, it disintegrated into the three domains (subsequently kingdoms) Chao, Wei, and Han. Chin nominally continued to exist, however, until 369 B.C., when these kingdoms formally replaced it.


Chin

 

a state and dynasty of the Jurchens, who inhabited what is now Northeast China; in existence from 1115 to 1234.

The Chin state arose during a struggle between the Jurchens and the Khitans. The Khitan state, to which the Jurchens had been paying tribute, was destroyed in 1125 when Chin captured its territory. From 1125 to 1127, Chin fought the Northern Sung Dynasty, from which it captured a large part of North China, including K’aifeng, the capital of the empire. The Chin troops seized territory as far south as the Yangtze River.

In 1139, Chin signed a peace treaty with the state of the Southern Sung Dynasty, which, in accordance with the treaty, acknowledged its vassalage to Chin. By the mid-12th century, Chin had become a powerful Eastern Asian state, comprising the territory of what is now Northeast and North China and part of Inner Mongolia. In addition to the Southern Sung state, which paid tribute to Chin, Korea and the Tangut state of Hsi Hsia acknowledged their vassalage to Chin.

The Chin state was primarily based on the feudal mode of production, but slaveholding also played an important role. Chin was destroyed by Mongol invaders.

REFERENCE

Istoriia Kitaia s drevneishikh vremen do nashikh dnei. Moscow, 1974.

L. I. DUMAN


Ch’in

 

an imperial dynasty in China from 221 B.C. to 207 B.C. The dynasty was founded by Shih Huang Ti and its capital was Hsienyang.

During the period of Ch’in rule, the first centralized state in Chinese history was established, and the country was subdivided into 36 provinces, governed by officials who were appointed by the emperor. The state ideology was Legism (seeFA-CHIA). Under the Ch’in Dynasty, the tax burden on the people was intensified as a result of continual wars in the northern and southern parts of the country and the construction of the Great Wall and numerous palaces. A series of popular uprisings broke out in late 209 and early 208; the leaders of these uprisings included Ch’en Sheng, Wu Kuang, and Liu Pang. After Liu Pang’s army captured Hsienyang, the Ch’in Dynasty came to an end.

REFERENCE

Perelomov, L. S. Imperiia Tsin’—pervoe tsentralizovannoe gosudarstvo v Kitae. Moscow, 1962.

Ch’in

 

an ancient Chinese kingdom that arose circa the tenth century B.C.; initially dependent on the Chou Dynasty. The territory of Ch’in comprised what is now the western and northwestern part of Shansi Province, the eastern part of Kansu Province, and the northern part of Szechwan Province. During the Chan Kuo period (fifth to third centuries B.C.), Ch’in was one of the seven most powerful states in China; these states were independent of the Chou monarchy. Ch’in was strengthened as a result of the reforms of Shang Yang. Over a period beginning in the mid-fourth century B.C. the kingdom warred with the other Chinese states; by 221 B.C. it had established its supremacy, thus forming the centralized Ch’in Empire.


Chin

 

a national administrative division in Burma, in the mountainous northwestern section of the country. Area, 33,000 sq km. Population, 354,000 (1969). The district is inhabited primarily by people of the Chin nationality. Falam is the principal city. Agriculture and logging are the basis of the economy.

chin

[chin]
(anatomy)
The lower part of the face, at or near the symphysis of the lower jaw.

chin

chin
A part of an aircraft structure that sticks out from the region under the aircraft nose. Examples include chin intake, chin blister, and chin radome. Some military aircraft have chin turrets.

chin

1. the protruding part of the lower jaw
2. the front part of the face below the lips
References in periodicals archive ?
In the booklet, Jin said: 'I could sense that they had been carrying the guilt for what they had done decades ago and secretly repenting in their own hearts all this time.
Is it the power of the bracelet that squeezes Son when he disobeys Jin or a pang of pain in his heart from his real love of her?
And now Jin is planning on taking part in the London Marathon in April - but isn't sure on the outfit choice just yet.
Los relatos son presentados en orden cronologico segun su fecha de publicacion pero tambien segun el marco temporal de su contenido, ya que el hilo autobiografico de la ficcion de Ha Jin va recorriendo desde la China rural de la Revolucion Cultural de finales de los anos sesenta y principios de los setenta en Under the Red Flag, a la China post-maoista de los ochenta en The Bridegroom y la comunidad emigrante china en Estados Unidos ya en los albores del nuevo milenio de A Good Fall.
According to Sheehan (2015), Jin "always does things the right way and the true way, even if it goes against what people expect or what's comfortable for them".
Jin said that the bank would support countries targeted by the Chinese initiative but would make its own lending decisions.
The new catalyst can also work with the energy from sunlight, Jin says.
Judging by his other novels, however, Jin seems to be more on the "spiritual" side, as few of the masters in his novels make achievements through sword practice.
Jin may be armed with the weaponry of her training, but she remains barely prepared for the harsh realities of her mountain-trekking journey--and for the world outside the confines of her freedom-fighting.
Lynne Sharon Schwartz calls Ha Jin a "transplanted novelist" (26).
Paris-based Louvre Hotels Group and Jin Jiang International Holdings had established a commercial partnership in November 2011, which introduced a co-branding program to selected hotels in major cities of China and France.
Kim, who along with Jin and Lee Dae-myung also won gold in the team event, said his mentor still had so much to teach him despite proving the sharpest shot in Incheon.