Jindal, Bobby

Jindal, Bobby,

1971–, American politician, b. Baton Rouge, La., as Piyush Jindal. The son of immigrants from India, he attended Brown Univ. (B.S., 1991) and thereafter was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford (M.Litt., 1994). He began his public career as secretary of the Louisiana Dept. of Health and Hospitals (1996–98) and was subsequently (1999–2001) president of the Univ. of Louisiana system. A conservative Republican, he was appointed assistant secretary in the Dept. of Health and Human Services by President George W. BushBush, George Walker,
1946–, 43d President of the United States (2001–9), b. New Haven, Conn. The eldest son of President George H. W. Bush, he was was raised in Texas and, like his father, attended Phillips Academy in Andover, Mass., and Yale, graduating in 1968.
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 and served there from 2001 to 2003. In 2003 he ran for governor of Louisiana and was defeated by Kathleen Blanco. Jindal was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2004 and reelected in 2006. In 2007 he soundly defeated a generally lackluster group of opponents to become America's first Indian-American governor and Louisiana's first nonwhite governor since ReconstructionReconstruction,
1865–77, in U.S. history, the period of readjustment following the Civil War. At the end of the Civil War, the defeated South was a ruined land. The physical destruction wrought by the invading Union forces was enormous, and the old social and economic
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. He was reelected in 2011. In 2015 Jindal was an unsuccessful candidate for president, quitting the race before the primaries began.