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Jinja(jĭn`jə), city (2002 pop. 71,213), SE Uganda, on the Victoria Nile River, near Lake Victoria. It is an industrial city and the commercial and processing center for a region where cotton, sugarcane, corn, and peanuts are grown. Manufactures include refined copper, steel, metal goods, forest products, textiles, soap, and processed food. It is connected by rail with Mombasa on the Indian Ocean, and by bridge with Njeru across the Victoria Nile. Jinja was founded in 1901 as a trading post; with the development of the nearby Owen FallsOwen Falls,
on the Victoria Nile, SE Uganda, near Jinja, site of the Nalubaale Dam (formerly the Owen Falls Dam), completed 1954. The dam, which submerged the waterfall, controls the discharge from Lake Victoria (c.2 mi/3.
..... Click the link for more information. hydroelectric project, which includes the Nalubaale (1954) and Kiira (1999) dams, it became (1950s) a major industrial center; the Bujagali dam and power station were completed several miles downriver in 2012. The city's services and infrastructure declined during the regime of Idi AminAmin, Idi
, c.1925–2003, Ugandan army officer and dictator. From the small Kakwa ethnic group, he advanced in the Ugandan armed forces from private (1946) to major general (1968). In 1971 he seized control of the government, toppling the regime of Milton Obote.
..... Click the link for more information. .
a city in Uganda and port on Lake Victoria, located at the source of the Victoria Nile; administrative center of Busoga District. Population, 47,300 (1969). Jinja is connected by railroad with the port of Mombasa on the Indian Ocean. It is an industrial and trade center. A copper works, based on the ore deposits of Kilembe, enterprises for processing agricultural raw materials, a steel-rolling mill, and a textile factory are located in Jinja. Near Jinja is the Owen Falls Hydroelectric Power Plant.