Jirí Trnka

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Trnka, Jiří

 

Born Feb. 24,1912, in Plzeň; died Dec. 30,1969, in Prague. Czechoslovak animated film director. People’s Artist of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1963).

Trnka began his career in 1928 in J. Skupa’s puppet theater. During World War II (1941–45) he worked as an artist in the National Theater in Prague. After the war, Trnka was one of the founders of puppet cinema. He directed the animated films Špaliček (1947), Prince Bajaja (after the work by Němcová, 1950), Old Czech Tales (after Jirásek, 1953), The Good Soldier švejk (after the novel by Hašek, 1955), and The Gurvinek Circus (1955). He was also famous as an illustrator of children’s books.

Trnka was awarded the State Prize of the Czechoslovak Social ist Republic (1954) and the Peace Prize of the Czechoslovak So cialist Republic (1958).

References in periodicals archive ?
The section on Russian and Eastern European animation history reviews historically significant animators such as Ladislaw Starewicz, who is recognized as Russia's first animator, and Czech stop-motion animator Jiri Trnka, whose puppets have also been internationally acclaimed.
They are based on found photography and draw on sources as various as Victorian postcards, police mugshots and nature photography, as well as the animations of Jiri Trnka and the stories of Francesco Stefani and Alice Munro.
Jiri Trnka, Dusan Vukotic, Alexander Petrov, Karel Zeman and others made wonderfully artistic work.