Jiri Wolker

Wolker, Jiři

 

Born Mar. 29, 1900, in the town of Prostejov; died there Jan. 3, 1924. Czech poet. Member of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia from 1921.

Wolker studied in the law department at the University of Prague but did not graduate. (He died of tuberculosis.) While at the university he was involved in revolutionary circles and became acquainted with Marxism. His first collection of poems A Guest on the Threshold (1921) reflected his dream of a new world and universal harmony. The publication of Wolker’s collection of poems Hour of Birth (1922) was a major literary event. Its principal themes were the tragic position of the worker in a bourgeois society and a call for the revolutionary transformation of the world. Wolker’s ballads are emotionally taut stories about the tragic fates of workers. He was also the author of lyric poems and tales that are socially ethical in content. An important role was played by Wolker’s articles, including “Proletarian Art” and “Defenders of Creative Freedom,” in forming the aesthetics of socialist realism in Czechoslovakia.

WORKS

Spisy, vols. 1-4. Prague, 1953-54.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Chas rozhden’ia. Moscow, 1961.

REFERENCES

Ocherki istorii cheshskoi literatury XIX-XX vv. Moscow, 1963.
Sherlaimova, S. A. Irzhi Vol’ker i novye puti cheshskoi poezii XX veka. Moscow, 1965.
Píša, A. M., J. Mukařovsky, B. Tomčik, and V. Závada. Jiří Wolker příklad naší poesie. Prague, 1954.
Blazíček, P. “Jiří Wolker.” Česká literatura, 1963, no. 6.
Nikolskij, S. V. Myslenka a obraz ve Wolkrově poezii z let 1920-1921. Prague, 1968.

S. V. NIKOL’SKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Building contracts include ensuring construction work on the reconstruction of streets Ivana Olbrachta, Josef Manes, Jiri Wolker and Mikolas Ales in the settlement Drahelice with an emphasis on calming the street and barrier free pedestrian zones in the area, as well as construction of new parking lots along existing roads to reduce deficit of parking spaces in the area, landscaping, landscaping and new street lighting.