Jívaro

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Jívaro

(hē`värō), linguistic stock of Native South Americans in Ecuador. The peoples, N of the Marañón River and E of the Andes, engage in farming, hunting, fishing, and weaving. They have a patrilineal society, with some 15 to 20 people, the family group, living in each huge, isolated communal house. Though not unique to the Jívaro, head shrinking, accompanied by elaborate ceremony, made them famous, but the practice has virtually disappeared. The Jívaro long resisted government and missionary efforts to subdue them.

Bibliography

See V. W. Von Hagen, Off with Their Heads (1937); J. Hanzelka and M. Zikmund, Amazon Headhunters (tr. 1964); M. J. Harner, The Jívaro (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
Como entre los jivaros (shuar) estudiados por Anne-Christine Taylor, (1) hay una simultaneidad de relaciones de identificacion y antagonismo con el otro.
HARNER, Michael 1984 The Jivaro. People of the Sacred Waterfalls.
The original meaning of the term head-shrinker was in reference to a member of a group in Amazonia, the Jivaro, who preserved the heads of their enemies by stripping the skin from the skull, which resulted in a shrunken mummified remnant the size of a fist.
1993 "Remembering to forget: identity, mourning and memory among the Jivaro", Man.
Advertising, media and PR recruit- ment specialists Jivaro Partners have announced the appointment of two key hires joining its Dubai headquarters.
Manejo floristico Shuar-Achuar (Jivaro) del ecosistema amazonico en el Ecuador.
France-based company Savoye Logistics recently released the e-Jivaro--the miniature cousin of Savoye's original Jivaro machine.
The young male Jivaro initiate of South America does not eat for days, only drinking "narcotic beverages." (31) North American Indians require fasting in solitude to provoke "the dreams and visions" that accompany trance initiations, often abstaining from food for up to four days.
Mrs Hynes' argument is in defence of open-air funeral pyres, but equally it could be used by Jivaro Indians demanding the right to wear, in public, necklaces of shrunken heads while celebrating a polygamist wedding ceremony.
En los estudios etnograficos de los jivaro en general se identifica actualmente a los aguaruna, huambisa, nantipas, jeberos, achual y shuar, distribuidos en comunidades por las margenes del rio Maranon, Chinchipe, Cenepa, Santiago, etc., hasta la Cordillera del Condor en la frontera con el Ecuador.