Jizya


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Jizya

 

a poll tax paid by the non-Muslim population in the Arabian Caliphate and then in other Muslim states. The jizyawas levied on men who had reached their majority; women, children, old men, slaves, poor people, and monks were exempted. Payment was made mainly in money but also in kind. In the Ottoman Empire thejizya existed until the end of the 18th century, when it was merged with the haraj.

REFERENCE

“Djizya.” In Encyclopédic de I Islam, 2nd ed., vol. 2. Leiden-Pairs, 1965. Pages 573-81.
References in periodicals archive ?
The long take on IS fighters also reframes and reinforces already introduced visual symbols of IS men riding horses in the desert, the weaving black flag, and the sharia principles, such as the return of the head (beheading), the zakah, the jizya, and the return to gold as the main currency.
Sin el afan de presentar un listado exhaustivo de estos casos, resulta pertinente notar el cobro de la jizya a los dimmi (cristianos, judios y otros no islamicos) en territorios musulmanes, los impuestos que pagaban los judios en la Europa del bajo medievo y temprana modernidad, las formas tributarias adoptadas por los poderes metropolitanos durante el siglo XX en Africa colonizada.
In May 2009, Hakimullah Mehsud asked them to pay Jizya
The ahlul-kitab (Christians or Jews) are spared punishment if regularly pay the jizya (special tax); they are identified in the Qur'an as "ah-lul-zima" (independent non-Muslims living in an Islamic shari'a (law) state who, in return for paying individual income tax, receive protection and security; they are exempt from going to war, exempt from paying zakat and other taxes imposed on Muslims).
Some inmates said they paid the tax, known as "jizya," because they feared being attacked by other inmates who have aligned themselves with the so-calledAaAaAeAeAaAeAeA (http://www.ibtimes.com/islamic-state-recruiting-christians-muslim-converts-joining-isis-militant-fighters-1912 Islamic State AaAaAeAeAaAeAeA (aka ISIS), a Sunni Muslim terror group operatin Iraq, Syria and other countries in the region.
Indeed, Allah loves the righteous [who fear Him]." (Quran, 9:4) Historical records indicate that the Prophet Muhammad did not impose the jizya tax upon the Jews; instead, he asked them to observe their obligations under the treaty they made with the Muslims.
Christians within areas held by ISIS are forced to either convert to Islam or pay the jizya, a religious tax on non-Muslims.
The jizya tax paid by non-Muslims living in Islamic states-Hindus, Zoroastrians, and Christians among them--was another temporal burden.
"Islamic State jihadists attacked a checkpoint 15 kilometres (nine miles) west of Sirte, killing five members of Brigade 166 belonging to the Libya Dawn group and tasked with protecting the city," brigade spokesman Khaled Abou Jizya said.
It has demanded that Christians living in its territories pay the jizya, a tax on religious minorities dating to early Islamic rule.
Defenders of this view believe that a non-Muslim state has only three options: to accept Islam, to accept Islamic supremacy and pay the Islamic state the jizya, or to be ready to accept death.
Accordingly, Christians, also considered People of the Book, were free to stay in their religion, after giving the jizya and kharaj taxes but were exempt from the zakat that Muslims paid.