Jizya

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Jizya

 

a poll tax paid by the non-Muslim population in the Arabian Caliphate and then in other Muslim states. The jizyawas levied on men who had reached their majority; women, children, old men, slaves, poor people, and monks were exempted. Payment was made mainly in money but also in kind. In the Ottoman Empire thejizya existed until the end of the 18th century, when it was merged with the haraj.

REFERENCE

“Djizya.” In Encyclopédic de I Islam, 2nd ed., vol. 2. Leiden-Pairs, 1965. Pages 573-81.
References in periodicals archive ?
He replied, for my livelihood and paying jizyah. Umar held him with his hand, brought him to his house and gave him something.
As we observed that Jizyah, Kharaj and 'Ushor is not exist nowadays in the Islamic countries, and there are difficulties in its application in contemporary life.
An analysis of the treaty, signed between the Christians of Najran and the prophet PBUH, reveals that such decision was due to the consideration of maqasid al-shari'ah, as it would enhance the maslahah (interest) of all Muslims through the collection of jizyah payment.
Ayman Ahmed Mahmoud's PhD thesis argued that the jizyah was originally implemented to substitute for the enrollment of non-Muslim citizens in the national army.
(64) Modern states have been established by the joint struggle of both Muslims and non-Muslims; the imposition of jizyah has therefore become irrelevant and impractical.
He has pounds 15,000 on Jizyah at 1-10 (Tom Jones) in the maiden sprint and pounds 18,000 on 1-6 chance Carbon Steel (Barry Hills) in the seven-furlong maiden.
The only way a non-Muslim territory could avert a jihad was either to convert to Islam or to pay an annual tribute or poll tax (jizyah).
In terms of last resort, jihad may be waged only if the enemy has first been offered the triple alternative: accept Islam, pay the jizyah (the poll tax required for non-Muslim "People of the Book" living under Muslim control), or fight.
Some other Fuqaha, in connection with determining different lump-sum amounts of Jizyah to be assessed for the prosperous, the middle-class, and the poor Zimmies, have considered those as prosperous persons who owned wealth equivalent to ten thousand dirhams or more, those owning wealth equivalent to two hundred dirhams but less than ten thousand dirhams, as middle-class persons, and those owning less than two hundred dirhams, i.e., the amount of Nisab (3) as poor persons.
Illustrating his position with theological concepts such as apostasy, and legislation such as the jizyah tax, the author appears more inclined to insert radical and negative examples.
When he captured Jerusalem, Salahuddin did not choose to torture the city's European population, but rather allowed them to leave safely upon meeting one condition of paying a monetary tribute, or Jizyah. For the poor who were unable to pay the full amount of the tribute, Salahuddin responded positively to the request by the Patriarch of Jerusalem to exclude one thousand of them from payment.
Some nations will be dar al-harb--the land of war, where the Muslims will fight them until they say La illahah ilallah or until they agree to pay the jizyah. And there will be dar al-Islam.