Joachim Patinir

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Patinir, Joachim

 

(also Patenier or Patinier). Born circa 1475–80 in Bouvignes or Dinant, Namur; died Oct. 5, 1524, in Antwerp. Flemish Renaissance painter.

Patinir worked in Antwerp. Developing further the traditions of the Van Eycks and H. Bosch, he made nature of primary importance in his religious compositions, thus becoming one of the founders of the landscape genre. In Patinir’s works the landscape backgrounds are clearly divided by color into three areas —foreground, middle distance, and background. Examples are The Flight Into Egypt (Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp) and The Landscape With Charon (Prado, Madrid). Patinir’s works are somewhat fantastical panoramas, depicting mountains and fantastical rock formations, forests, seas, and rivers. Individual religious scenes, which determined the themes but not the content of Patinir’s paintings, were often painted by other artists, for example, Q. Massys.

REFERENCES

Koch, R. A. Joachim Patinir. Princeton, N.J., 1968.
Friedländer, M. The Early Netherlandish Painting, vol. 9: Joos van Cleve, Jan Provost, Joachim Patenier. Leyden-Brussels, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
The differences between the paintings of Joachim Patenier and Caspar David Friedrich are equally extreme, due partly to the changes that have occurred during the 300 years that separate them.
JOACHIM PATENIER LIVED AT A TIME when landscape was first being developed as a special kind of art, although at the time artists were not allowed to ignore people ha their pictures.