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(also Patenier or Patinier). Born circa 1475–80 in Bouvignes or Dinant, Namur; died Oct. 5, 1524, in Antwerp. Flemish Renaissance painter.
Patinir worked in Antwerp. Developing further the traditions of the Van Eycks and H. Bosch, he made nature of primary importance in his religious compositions, thus becoming one of the founders of the landscape genre. In Patinir’s works the landscape backgrounds are clearly divided by color into three areas —foreground, middle distance, and background. Examples are The Flight Into Egypt (Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp) and The Landscape With Charon (Prado, Madrid). Patinir’s works are somewhat fantastical panoramas, depicting mountains and fantastical rock formations, forests, seas, and rivers. Individual religious scenes, which determined the themes but not the content of Patinir’s paintings, were often painted by other artists, for example, Q. Massys.
REFERENCESKoch, R. A. Joachim Patinir. Princeton, N.J., 1968.
Friedländer, M. The Early Netherlandish Painting, vol. 9: Joos van Cleve, Jan Provost, Joachim Patenier. Leyden-Brussels, 1972.