Joachim Patinir

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Patinir, Joachim


(also Patenier or Patinier). Born circa 1475–80 in Bouvignes or Dinant, Namur; died Oct. 5, 1524, in Antwerp. Flemish Renaissance painter.

Patinir worked in Antwerp. Developing further the traditions of the Van Eycks and H. Bosch, he made nature of primary importance in his religious compositions, thus becoming one of the founders of the landscape genre. In Patinir’s works the landscape backgrounds are clearly divided by color into three areas —foreground, middle distance, and background. Examples are The Flight Into Egypt (Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp) and The Landscape With Charon (Prado, Madrid). Patinir’s works are somewhat fantastical panoramas, depicting mountains and fantastical rock formations, forests, seas, and rivers. Individual religious scenes, which determined the themes but not the content of Patinir’s paintings, were often painted by other artists, for example, Q. Massys.


Koch, R. A. Joachim Patinir. Princeton, N.J., 1968.
Friedländer, M. The Early Netherlandish Painting, vol. 9: Joos van Cleve, Jan Provost, Joachim Patenier. Leyden-Brussels, 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
1), as well as in Joachim Patinir's superb Landscape with Saint Mary Magdalene in Ecstasy (c.
Primary among Blythe's 18 illustrations are "Flight" paintings by Joachim Patinir, Caravaggio, Claude Lorrain, Poussin, and Rembrandt.
After a chapter surveying the art market in Antwerp and how this mercantile culture represented itself, the author turns to the first of his categories, landscape, here essentially the world landscape as invented by Joachim Patinir. There follow chapters on commercial images, kitchen and market scenes, the peasant at labor and leisure, and the wildly popular Boschian imagery.
Landscape painting, which had been merely the setting for religious scenes, became important in its own right in the art centers of Antwerp and Brussels, and when Joachim Patinir, one of the first to create stand-alone landscapes, was praised by Albrecht Durer as a "good landscape painter," the term landscape was elevated for the first time outside the context of Italian art (1).
In the background of "Rest on the Flight to Egypt" by Joachim Patinir (c.
A native of Amsterdam, Sustris was a specialist in the 'world landscape', a type previously developed by Joachim Patinir and other Flemish painters, and he made an important contribution to popularising it in Venice.
The search for the Middle Way, as Kavaler shows, constitutes the central theme of Bruegel's Battle between Carnival and Lent of 1559, which combines the confrontational motifs in Hieronymus Bosch's Carnival and Lent with the metaphor of the pilgrimage of life developed by Joachim Patinir. The problem of the viewer's participation also looms large in the Peasant Kermis of circa 1568, which incorporates the figures of a laughing fool at the apex of the visual wedge, anchoring the viewer to the heart of the village square where the rustic dance is performed.
This experience awaits visitors to the Prado, which has assembled 22 of the 29 paintings by Joachim Patinir, including all the masterpieces.