Ioánnina (yôäˈnēnä), city (1991 pop. 56,699), capital of Ioánnina prefecture, NW Greece, in Epirus, on Lake Ioánnina. The chief city of Epirus, it is the commercial center for an agricultural region. Manufactures include textiles and gold and silver products. Founded c.527 by Justinian, Ioánnina became an important city in the 11th cent. It was taken (1081) by the Normans, and in 1204, Michael I, despot of Epirus, made it his capital. It was conquered by the Ottoman Turks in 1430. Ali Pasha made it (1788) the stronghold of his virtually independent state. Ioánnina passed to Greece in 1913 as a result of the First Balkan War. Long a center of Greek learning, it is today the seat of the Univ. of Ioánnina. The city also appears as Janina, Jannina, or Yannina.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a city in Greece, on Lake Ioannina. Capital of the nome (prefecture) of Ioannina, eparchy of Epirus. Population, 40,100 (1971). Ioannina, a transportation junction, has enterprises of the silk, cotton, woodworking, food-processing, and footwear industries. Carpets are woven in the city.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.