Joao Goulart

Goulart, Joāo


(Juan). Born Mar. 1, 1918. in Sâo Borja. Political and governmental figure of Brazil. Lawyer by profession. Leader of the Brazilian Labor Party (BLP. in existence from 1945 to 1964).

Goulart is a follower of the nationalistic politics of G. Vargas. From 1946 to 1950 he was a delegate to the legislative assembly from the state of Rio Grande do Sul, and from 1950 a delegate from BLP to the National Congress of Brazil. In 1953–54 he was minister of labor, industry, and commerce. From 1955 to 1961 he was vice-president, and from 1961 to 1964 president of Brazil.

The government of Goulart took a number of measures directed toward strengthening the national economy, such as limiting the export of gains on foreign capital invested in the country, establishing a government monopoly on the import of oil. and nationalizing uncultivated lands along arterial highways. He reestablished diplomatic relations with the USSR. (They had been severed in 1947.) Goulart was driven from power in April 1964 as the result of a reactionary military coup, and he emigrated to Uruguay.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 brought the involvement of unusual emissaries: Algerian President Ahmed Ben Bella and Brazilian President Joao Goulart.
De um lado da avenida instalou-se a comunidade de Varginha e do outro, na regiao originalmente reconhecida como Manguinhos, (29) foram as comunidades de Parque Joao Goulart, Vila Turismo e do Centro de Habitacao Provisoria no 2 (CHP2).
Nesse livro, o autor resgata com acuidade aspectos historicos e importantes da Campanha da Legalidade, o qual foi um dos maiores movimentos civicos do pais e que aglutinou boa parte da populacao gaucha em defesa de um ideal comum, ou seja, o respeito a ordem e a legalidade em defesa da posse do vice-presidente Joao Goulart.
This meant that his vice-president, Joao Goulart, a leftist, now became president.
It began after the 1964 coup d'etat led by the armed forces against the democratically elected government of left-wing President Joao Goulart.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Similar to the slogan of change chanted by Barack Obama during his first presidential campaign, his mottos about closing the United States' gruesome prison in the Guantanamo Bay are again meant to help him secure a second win in the upcoming elections, President of Brazil's Joao Goulart Institute said.
Similar to Egypt's current military rule, an authoritarian military regime took charge of the government in Brazil after a 1964 coup d'etat ousted left-wing president Joao Goulart.
The first Brazilian soap opera (Amor e Revolucao) set during the dictatorship--from its origins to the overthrow of constitutional President Joao Goulart (1961-1964) and the events that followed--premiered on April 5.
Appointed Ambassador to Brazil while Janio Quadros was still in office, Gordon arrived in Brazil in October 1961 after Quadros had resigned and Joao Goulart became president.
Even one of the most important events in Brazil's history, the military coup d'etat of 1964, was an instance in which the military was united only in their objective of ousting Joao Goulart from power.
The dominoes began falling in Latin America to Soviet-backed thugs and terrorists: Romulo Betancourt in Venezuela, Cheddi Jagan in British Guiana, Juan Bosch in the Dominican Republic, Juan Jose Arevalo in Guatemala, Janio Quadros and Joao Goulart in Brazil, Victor Paz Estenssoro in Bolivia, Salvador Allende in Chile, Omar Torrijos in Panama, Maurice Bishop in Grenada, and the Sandinistas in Nicaragua.
His achievements and hopes, however, were to be curbed in the wake of the military coup in 1964 which put an end to the democracy presided over by Joao Goulart, and replaced with successive juntas led by generals who aimed and attained higher rates of economic growth for the next 25 years but at the expense of tragic setbacks both for social advance in Brazil and external diplomatic projection in Africa.