Joban Gadolin

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gadolin, Joban


Born June 5, 1760, in Turku; died Aug. 15, 1852, in Virmo (now Mynämäki), near Turku. Finnish chemist; corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1811). From 1790 to 1822 he was professor at the university in Abo. In 1794, when investigating a mineral found near Ytterby (Sweden) and subsequently named gadolinite, he found in it a previously unknown “earth,” which was named yttria and was found to be a mixture of oxides of rare-earth metals, one of which was called gadolinium.


Wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen in Auswahl. Helsinki, 1910. (With biography, survey of activities, and list of papers by Gadolin.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.