Jodhpur

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Jodhpur

Jodhpur (jŏdˈpo͝or) or Marwar (märˈwär), former principality, Rajasthan state, NW India. Except for the eastern section, it is largely an arid wasteland. The principality was founded in the 13th cent. by the Rathor clan of Rajputs and was later a vassal of the Mughal empire. The British brought it under their control in 1818, and in 1949 it was merged with the state of Rajasthan. Jodhpur, city (1991 pop. 666,279), capital of the former state and now a district administrative center, was founded in 1459. It is surrounded by a wall nearly 6 mi (9.7 km) long. Jodhpur is an important marketplace for wool and agricultural products, and has a domestic airport. Its manufactures include textiles, metal utensils, bicycles, ink, and sporting goods. The city is noted for diversified cottage industries, including such manufactures as glass bangles, cutlery, carpets, and marble products. Towering above the city on a rock 400 ft (122 m) high is an old fortress housing several palaces and the treasury of the maharaja. The Indian air force maintains a training center at Jodhpur.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jodhpur

 

a city in the state of Rajasthan in northwestern India. Located on the edge of the Thar Desert. Population, 318,900 (1971). It is an important transportation junction and the site of several mechanical engineering workshops. Metal products, pharmaceutical goods, and cotton textiles are manufactured. Handicrafts are also produced (ritual clothing and ivory, glass, and lacquer ornaments). Jodhpur was founded in the mid-15th century.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Jodhpur

1. a former state of NW India, one of the W Rajputana states: now part of Rajasthan
2. a walled city in NW India, in W Rajasthan: university (1962). Pop.: 846 408 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005