Johan Barthold Jongkind
Jongkind, Johan Barthold
Born June 3, 1819, in Lattrop, Overijssel; died Feb. 9, 1891, in Cote-Saint-André, France. Dutch painter and graphic artist.
Beginning in 1837, Jongkind studied in The Hague, in the Academy of Arts and with A. Schelfhout. From 1846 to 1849 he studied in Paris under E. Isabey and F. E. Picot. He worked in Holland (1855–60), Belgium (1866–69), and France. A realist, Jongkind influenced the first of the impressionists. In his landscapes he carefully depicted the characteristics of the villages and cities of each country and the working life of the inhabitants. His work is noted for the spontaneity of his impressions; a free, loose, sometimes sketchy painting style; and a light, subtle range of colors. Jongkind worked extensively in watercolors and etching.