Johan Barthold Jongkind

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jongkind, Johan Barthold


Born June 3, 1819, in Lattrop, Overijssel; died Feb. 9, 1891, in Cote-Saint-André, France. Dutch painter and graphic artist.

Beginning in 1837, Jongkind studied in The Hague, in the Academy of Arts and with A. Schelfhout. From 1846 to 1849 he studied in Paris under E. Isabey and F. E. Picot. He worked in Holland (1855–60), Belgium (1866–69), and France. A realist, Jongkind influenced the first of the impressionists. In his landscapes he carefully depicted the characteristics of the villages and cities of each country and the working life of the inhabitants. His work is noted for the spontaneity of his impressions; a free, loose, sometimes sketchy painting style; and a light, subtle range of colors. Jongkind worked extensively in watercolors and etching.


Bakker-Hefting, V. J. B. Jongkind. Amsterdam [1962].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
But then came the tepid influence of his teacher, Boudin, precipitated by that monstrous ego, Johan Jongkind, who painted systematic views of Notre Dame Cathedral years before Claude founded his atelier on a cold winter's day in 1892, across from the Cathedral Rouen, a mere 40 kilometers from his sacred Nympheas in Giverny.
The artists on display include Courbet and Boudin, neither of whom considered himself to be an Impressionist; Eugene Isabey (son of a famous miniaturist) thirty-seven years older than Monet, and a follower of Delacroix; Daubigny and the Dutchman Johan Jongkind, who worked independently with Millet at Barbizon, a village in the Forest of Fontainebleau.