Johan Sebastian Welhaven

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Welhaven, Johan Sebastian


Born Dec. 22, 1807, in Bergen; died Oct. 21, 1873, in Christiania. Norwegian poet and critic.

Welhaven received a theological education and was a professor of philosophy at Christiania. He transmitted the influence of Danish culture and language into Norwegian literature. Welhaven carried on arguments with H. Wergeland from the position of patriarchal, national romanticism. In his collection of satirical sonnets entitled Norway’s Twilight (1834), Welhaven ridiculed Wergeland’s patriotic convictions. Welhaven’s lyrical works (Poems, 1839, and Collected Poems, 1860) reveal his knowledge of Norwegian nature and the daily life of the peasants.


Samlede skrifter, vols. 1-8. Copenhagen, 1867-68.
Samlede digteverker, 4th ed., vols. 1-3. Oslo, 1943.


Handagard, I. Johan Welhaven: Liv og digtning, 2nded. Oslo, 1926.
Saugstad, P. J. S. Welhaven: En idealenes vokter. Oslo, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.