Because the planets long familiar to astronomy were named after Roman gods, the German astronomer Johann Bode
suggested the name Uranus, an especially apt choice since the fifth and sixth planets were Jupiter and Saturn respectively.
Especially prominent were the sky atlases of the "Big Four" celestial cartographers: Johann Bayer, Johannes Hevelius, John Flamsteed, and Johann Bode
, in order of date.
M81 was discovered by Johann Bode
in 1744, and is sometimes knows as 'Bode's Galaxy'.
M81 and M82 were once known as Bode's Nebulas after German astronomer Johann Bode
, who discovered the pair on New Year's Eve, 1774.
, director of the Berlin Observatory in 1787, attempted an astronomical homage for Frederick the Great of Prussia.
In 1782 German astronomer Johann Bode
published a German version of the Atlas Celeste entitled, Vorstellung der Gestirne.
Because the seventh planet is more distant than Saturn, the astronomer Johann Bernoulli III suggested Hypercronius, meaning "above Saturn." The name Uranus--proposed by Johann Bode
, the director of the Berlin Observatory--is the name that stuck.
Its current online exhibit of 43 atlases and maps covering the period 1482 to 1851 features the works of some of history's greatest celestial cartographers, including Alessandro Piccolomini, Johann Bayer, Johannes Hevelius, John Flamsteed, John Bevis, and Johann Bode
Despite that, Messier gave its position incorrectly, leaving the cluster to be independently discovered in the following decade by both Johann Bode
in Germany and Caroline Herschel in England.
Pioneer spirit earned a celestial salute in 1801, when the German sky cartographer Johann Bode
added a new constellation to his Uranographia star atlas.