Johann Elert Bode

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bode, Johann Elert


Born Jan. 19, 1747, in Hamburg; died Nov. 23, 1826, in Berlin. German astronomer.

Bode was director of the Berlin Observatory (after 1786) and founder of The Berlin Astronomical Yearbook (1774). His 20-sheet Atlas of the Sky (1778) contains 17,240 stars, of which only 12,000 had previously been noted on maps. He was one of the authors (1772) of the empirical laws (the Titius-Bode’s law), which established the dependence between planets’ distances from the sun.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Because the planets long familiar to astronomy were named after Roman gods, the German astronomer Johann Bode suggested the name Uranus, an especially apt choice since the fifth and sixth planets were Jupiter and Saturn respectively.
Especially prominent were the sky atlases of the "Big Four" celestial cartographers: Johann Bayer, Johannes Hevelius, John Flamsteed, and Johann Bode, in order of date.
M81 was discovered by Johann Bode in 1744, and is sometimes knows as 'Bode's Galaxy'.
M81 and M82 were once known as Bode's Nebulas after German astronomer Johann Bode, who discovered the pair on New Year's Eve, 1774.
Johann Bode, director of the Berlin Observatory in 1787, attempted an astronomical homage for Frederick the Great of Prussia.
In 1782 German astronomer Johann Bode published a German version of the Atlas Celeste entitled, Vorstellung der Gestirne.
Because the seventh planet is more distant than Saturn, the astronomer Johann Bernoulli III suggested Hypercronius, meaning "above Saturn." The name Uranus--proposed by Johann Bode, the director of the Berlin Observatory--is the name that stuck.
Its current online exhibit of 43 atlases and maps covering the period 1482 to 1851 features the works of some of history's greatest celestial cartographers, including Alessandro Piccolomini, Johann Bayer, Johannes Hevelius, John Flamsteed, John Bevis, and Johann Bode.
Despite that, Messier gave its position incorrectly, leaving the cluster to be independently discovered in the following decade by both Johann Bode in Germany and Caroline Herschel in England.
Pioneer spirit earned a celestial salute in 1801, when the German sky cartographer Johann Bode added a new constellation to his Uranographia star atlas.