Johann Fischart


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Fischart, Johann

 

Born 1546 or 1547 in Strasbourg; died 1590 in Forbach, Lotharingia. German satirist, publicist, and moralist.

Fischart, a Protestant, denounced the Catholic Church and the Jesuits and depicted the vices and virtues of the burghers. In his didactic work A Philosophical Booklet on Education for Marriage (1578) he advocated a strong family and sensible upbringing of children. In Geschichtsklitterung (1575), a free adaptation of the first book of F. Rabelais’s novel Gargantua and Pantagruel, Fischart demonstrated a verbal inventiveness, versatile erudition, and vividness of description of everyday life.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
In Khrestomatiia po zarubezhnoi literature: Epokha Vozrozhdeniia, vol. 2. Compiled by B. I. Purishev. Moscow, 1962.

REFERENCES

Istoriia nemetskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1962.
Spengler, W. E. Johann Fischart. Göppingen, 1969.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Glowa, Johann Fischart's "Geschichtsklitterung": A Study of the Narrator and Narrative Strategies.
They begin with the relatively simple example of the 'Brautwerburg', as illustrated in Konig Rother, pass on to the more sophisticated treatments in the Tristan tradition (Section IV), and are followed through in the later Middle Ages in a variety of examples, including the prose Lancelot, Reinfried von Braunschweig, Melusine, Johann Fischart, and Jorg Wickram.
Professor Williams begins with Jean d'Arras's prose history of the fairy nymph Melusine (1393) and moves from there to the magical works of Paracelsus and the demonologies of Heinrich Kramer, Johann Weyer, Jean Bodin (as translated into German by Johann Fischart), and Pierre de Lancre.
In the preface, the translator Johann Fischart discusses the word not as a humoresque piece in the tradition of Pliny, but in connection with the image of the Greek satyr Silenus, whose grotesque appearance concealed his internal seriousness.