Johann Georg Gmelin

Also found in: Wikipedia.
Johann Georg Gmelin
physicist and botanist
Known for exploring Siberia
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gmelin, Johann Georg


Born Aug. 12, 1709, in Tübingen; died there May 20, 1755. Naturalist, Siberian traveler; academician of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1731).

Gmelin came to Russia from Germany in 1727. Between 1733 and 1743 his travels took him to Tobol’sk, Semipalatinsk, Ust’-Kamenogorsk, Kuznetsk, Tomsk, Krasnoiarsk, Turukhansk, Irkutsk, and Yakutsk; he returned to St. Petersburg by way of Tomsk and Verkhotur’e. The Academy of Sciences published Gmelin’s four-volume work The Flora of Siberia between 1747 and 1769. In 1747 he went to Germany, where he published his journals under the title Journey Through Siberia (vols. 1-4, Göttingen, 1751), which was later translated into many European languages.


Tikhomirov, V. V., and G. A. Sofiano. “200 let so dnia smertiakademika I. G. Gmelina.” Izv. AN SSSR: Seriia geologiche-skaia, 1955, no. 2.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.