Johann Heinrich Voss


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Voss, Johann Heinrich

 

Born Feb. 20, 1751, in Sommersdorf, Mecklenburg; died Mar. 29, 1826, in Heidelberg. German poet and translator.

Voss studied at the University of Göttingen from 1772 to 1776 and became a professor at the University of Heidelberg in 1805. He was one of the founders of the Grove Association (also known as the Göttingen Grove), a group that was part of the Sturm und Drang movement. Voss composed idylls that sharply criticized feudal survivals in Germany; these idylls, such as Luise (1783–84; rev. ed. 1795) often depicted a “village Utopia.” In such pamphlets as How Did Fritz Stolberg Become a Slave? (1819), Voss criticized the German romantics and the intensification of political and clerical reactionism from the standpoint of the Enlightenment. Voss’ translations of Homer’s Odyssey (1781) and Iliad (1793) had great cultural significance.

WORKS

Werke in einem Band. Berlin, 1966.
In Russian translation:
Inostrannye poety: Gotfrid Biurger i Iogann Foss s prilozheniem ikh stikhotvorenii. Moscow, 1901.

REFERENCES

Istoriia nemetskoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1963.
Neustroev, V. P. ‘“Gettingenskii soiuz’: Voss i Biurger.” In his Nemetskaia literatura epokhi Prosveshcheniia. Moscow, 1958.

A. A. GUGNIN

References in periodicals archive ?
961,48 Primary school Penzlin Regional School Penzlin (Fachtrakt) Civic center with sports hall Museum Old Town Library Johann Heinrich Voss House.
Most detailed and weighty is the section on Arnim's sonnets in his journal, Zeitung fur Einsiedler, which are read in the context of the Romantics'literary dispute with Johann Heinrich Voss, and which, as a hybrid Bildungsroman in lyric form, are shown to engage with such Romantic topoi as inspiration, emotion, autonomy, and ultimately with the new mythology of subjectivity.
It also determined the comparable makeup of his later Hamburg circle of friends: Johann Andreas Cramer, Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, Heinrich Wilhelm von Gerstenberg, Christoph Daniel Ebeling, Johann Joachim Eschenburg, and Johann Heinrich Voss, all leading charismatic figures in the scholarly and literary world of the northern Hanseatic region, but with considerable influence beyond.
There he became close friends with the poets Johann Martin Miller, Johann Heinrich Voss, Heinrich Boie, and Christian and Friedrich Leopold Stolberg.
Jahrhunderts entscheidet sich alle Welt--Salomon Gessner, Maler Muller, Johann Heinrich Voss, Goethe--fur Theokrit als den angeblich naturnaheren Autor, wahrend doch allenthalben Vergil seine Spuren hinterlassen hat.