gauss(redirected from Johann K.F. Gauss)
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gauss(gous) [for C. F. GaussGauss, Carl Friedrich
, born Johann Friederich Carl Gauss, 1777–1855, German mathematician, physicist, and astronomer. Gauss was educated at the Caroline College, Brunswick, and the Univ.
..... Click the link for more information. ], abbr. G, unit of magnetic flux density (see flux, magneticflux, magnetic,
in physics, term used to describe the total amount of magnetic field in a given region. The term flux was chosen because the power of a magnet seems to "flow" out of the magnet at one pole and return at the other pole in a circulating pattern, as suggested
..... Click the link for more information. ) equal to 0.0001 (10−4) weberweber
[for W. E. Weber], abbr. Wb, unit of magnetic flux in the mks system of weights and measures; 1 Wb is equal to 1 volt-second. The weber per square meter, called the tesla [for Nikola Tesla], abbr.
..... Click the link for more information. per square meter. Since this unit is derived from the cgs systemcgs system,
system of units of measurement based on the metric system and having the centimeter of length, the gram of mass, and the second of time as its fundamental units. Other cgs units are the dyne of force and the erg of work or energy.
..... Click the link for more information. of units rather than the mks systemmks system,
system of units of measurement based on the metric system and having the meter of length, the kilogram of mass, and the second of time as its fundamental units. Other mks units include the newton of force, the joule of work or energy, and the watt of power.
..... Click the link for more information. , it is largely obsolete. See electric and magnetic unitselectric and magnetic units,
units used to express the magnitudes of various quantities in electricity and magnetism. Three systems of such units, all based on the metric system, are commonly used.
..... Click the link for more information. .
gauss(gowss) Symbol: G. The c.g.s. (electromagnetic) unit of magnetic flux density. One gauss is equal to 10–4 tesla.
a unit of magnetic induction in the cgs system of units (Gaussian and cgs emu). It was named in honor of K. Gauss. The abbreviation is G. A gauss is equal to the induction of a homogeneous magnetic field in which a linear conductor 1 cm long placed perpendicular to the induction vector of the field experiences a force of 1 dyne when a current equal to 1 unit of current in the cgs emu system flows through it. The gauss can also be defined as the magnetic induction for which a magnetic flux of 1 maxwell passes through a cross-sectional area of 1 sq cm normal to the lines of the induction. The relationship between the units of magnetic induction in the cgs system and the International System of Units (SI) is: 1 tesla (T) = 104 G. The kilogauss, which is equal to 1,000 G, is still used in practice. Until 1930 the gauss was also called the unit of magnetic field strength, equal to 79.577 amperes per meter. In 1930 the oersted was adopted by the International Technical Commission as the basic unit of magnetic field strength.
See normal distribution.
A good loudspeaker coil magnet flux density is of the order of 10000 gauss.