Johann Köler

(redirected from Johann Koler)

Köler, Johann

 

Born Feb. 24 (Mar. 8), 1826, in Vastemöisa, in present-day Viljandi Raion, Estonian SSR; died Apr. 10 (22), 1899, in St. Petersburg. Estonian painter; founder of the Estonian national school of painting.

Köler studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts (1848–55) with A. T. Markov. From 1857 to 1862 he studied and worked in the countries of Western Europe, mainly in Italy. From 1862 he lived in St. Petersburg. Most of his work consisted of portraits, some informal (for example, the artist’s mother, c. 1863–64; E. von Schultz-Adajewsky, 1868; both in the Art Museum of the Estonian SSR in Tallinn) and others formal. He also painted a number of pictures on religious and mythological subjects (some of which dealt with ideas of national liberation in allegorical form—for example, Awakening From an Enchanted Sleep, 1864, a study in the Art Museum of the Estonian SSR in Tallinn), landscapes and genre paintings in the spirit of academic painting of the second half of the 19th century.

REFERENCE

Erm, V. Keler, 1826–1899. Moscow, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pealegi, kui see puudutab siinse vanema kunstiloo uht koige tahendusrikkamat episoodi, nimelt seda, nagu polevatki Johann Koler, meie rahvusliku maalikunsti rajaja, maalinud uht oma koige tuntumat teost, Tallinna Kaarli kirikus asuvat freskot "Tulge minu juurde", mitte niivord mingeid rahvusvahelisi kaanoneid jargides, kuivord silmas pidades uht siinset talupoega, seega saanud sellega hakkama peamiselt vaid nende eskiiside ja skitside pohjal, mida ta oli kunagi varemalt teinud uhest erakordselt kena valjanagemisega Villem Tamme nimelisest hiiu talupojast.
Villem Tamm from Kassari Island was painted just once in June 1863 by Johann Koler. However, he was later regarded as a firm prototype in the best known sacral painting in Estonia, i.e.