Johann Rudolph Glauber

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Glauber, Johann Rudolph


Born 1604 in Karlstadt died Mar. 10, 1670, in Amsterdam. German chemist and physician.

For a considerable part of his life, Glauber worked in Holland. An advocate of iatrochemistry, he developed a number of chemical medicinal preparations. He obtained pure nitric acid by the distillation of saltpeter with sulfuric acid, and pure hydrochloric acid and sodium sulfate (Glauber’s salt) by heating common salt with sulfuric acid. He perfected furnaces, and was one of the first to use glass vessels in the laboratory. Glauber believed in the possibility of transmuting base metals into gold.


Opera omnia, vols. 1-7. Amsterdam, 1661.
Furni novi philiosophici oder Beschreibung einer neu erfundenen Destillir-Kunst. Amsterdam, 1648-50.


Figurovskii, N. A. Ocherk obshchei istorii khimii. Moscow, 1969. Pages 164-67.
Partington, J. R. A History of Chemistry, vol. 2. London, 1961.Pages 341-61.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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In 1604, chemist Johann Rudolph Glauber recognised the health-giving properties of the salty water.