Johann Stamitz

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stamitz, Johann


(also Jan Václav Antonín Stamic). Born June 19, 1717, in Havlíčkův-Brod; died Mar. 27,1757, in Mannheim. Czech composer, violinist, and conductor.

Stamitz studied music both with his father and at a Jesuit school in Jihlava. He worked in Prague. In 1744 he became first violinist of the Mannheim orchestra and in 1748 the orchestra’s concertmaster and director of chamber music. He made appearances in German cities and in Paris as a virtuoso violinist and conductor. Stamitz was the leader of the Mannheim school of music.

As a performer and composer, Stamitz reflected the artistic ideals of the Enlightenment and the traditions of Czech folk music in his work. He composed 74 symphonies, as well as orchestral trios and instrumental concertos, sonatas, capriccios, duets, and church music. He developed the sonata form and dynamic orchestral effects, introduced dramatic and heroic elements and thematic contrasts, and included French horns and clarinets in the orchestra. His students included his sons Carl and Anton and C. Cannabich.


Belza, I. Istoriia cheshskoi muzykal’noi kul’tury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1959.
Pospiäil, A. KolemJan Václava Stamice. [Havlícküv-Brod] 1947.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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In the years that followed, virtually all the articles on Stamic published in magazines would draw upon the statements with which Riemann rounded off his generalising conclusions: "There is no doubt: Johann Stamitz is the long-sought forerunner of Haydn!", and "Let us not grieve over the fact that it is a Bohemian [Bohme], not a German, upon whom we must bestow this laurel".
22, Suite I and Suite II for two clarinets, horn, and bassoon; Johann Stamitz: Three Quartets for clarinets and horns; Bernhard Henrik Crusell: Concert-Trio for clarinet, horn, and bassoon; Heinrich Baermann, arr.
Abel, Johann Stamitz, and a host of lesser-known composers.
Johann Stamitz was not music director in Mannheim when Mozart sought employment there in 1777, because he had died in 1757 (47).
Carl Stamitz, the son of Johann Stamitz, was next on the program.
Johann Stamitz contributes a charming Violin Concerto, Anton Filtz a rewarding Cello Concerto (with an andante which surely stayed in Mozart's subconscious for many of his most sombre movements) and Christian Cannabich a richly-scored Sinfonia Concertante with flute, oboe and bassoon as soloists; only one movement of this last-named, however, and the penny-pinching insert throws no light on this - nor indeed anything on this most pleasant release.
However, the instrument made frequent appearances in Paris during the 1740s and 1750s, notably in the operas of Rameau and in the symphonies of Johann Stamitz, which were composed for the Concert Spirituel in the 1750s.
In 1724 Count Franz Anton von Sporck, a leading nobleman of German ancestry, founded an opera theatre in his palace which produced Italian operas regularly for the next decade and was highly influential in the spread of opera in central Europe, possibly providing the Prague residents Gluck and Johann Stamitz with their first taste of the genre.
A Collegium Musicum for the performance of the chamber music and symphonies of Johann Sebastian Bach, Joseph Haydn, Johann Stamitz, and other European composers was established at Bethlehem, Pa., by the Moravians, the most musical of the dissenting religious sects in America.
1743-48), like Friedrich H "the Great," was an accomplished flutist; he named Johann Stamitz (1717-57) concertmaster in 1745, and within two decades Leopold Mozart praised the orchestra as "without doubt, the best in Germany" (p.