Johann Tobias Mayer

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Mayer, Johann Tobias


Born Feb. 17, 1723, in Marbach (Württemberg); died Feb. 20, 1762, in Göttingen. German astronomer.

A self-taught mathematician and astronomer, Mayer was appointed a professor at the University of Göttingen in 1751. He developed a theory of lunar motion and calculated lunar tables. Mayer created the theory of the transit instrument, whose fundamental formula bears his name. He also compiled a catalog of the positions of 998 zodiacal stars.


Theoria Lunae juxta systema Newtonianum. London, 1769.


Lynn, W. T. “Johann Tobias Mayer.” The Observatory, 1908, vol. 31, pp. 100, 103.
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