Johannes Ewald


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Ewald, Johannes

 

Born Nov. 18, 1743, in Copenhagen; died there Mar. 17,1781. Danish writer.

In his early works Ewald followed the examples of French classicism, for example, his tragedy Adam and Eve (1769). He later turned to themes drawn from Scandinavian mythology and history. Ewald’s dramas Rolf Krage (1770) and Balder’s Death (1775) prepared the way for the romantic national drama. The heroes of his tragedy The Fishermen (1779) are simple working men. Ewald wrote an autobiographical narrative The Life and Opinions of Johannes Ewald (1774–78). In his unfinished philosophical novel The History of Mr. Panthakak (begun 1771), he harshly criticized the concept of Enlightenment optimism. He also published odes and cantatas, as well as lyric poems. Ewald’s song “King Christian Stood by the Lofty Mast” became Denmark’s national anthem.

WORKS

Samlede skrifter vols. 1–6. Copenhagen, 1914–24.

REFERENCE

Frandsen, E. Johannes Ewald. Copenhagen, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tekst af = Text by Johannes Ewald. Udgivet af = Edited by Peter Hauge.
Later works on the subject of Balder include Johannes Ewald's tragedy of erotic passion Balders dod (1774; The Death of Balder) and Matthew Arnold's poem "Balder Dead" (1855).
In actual fact, older Norwegian and Danish literature circulated freely in the same literary waters: Ludvig Holberg, Johannes Ewald, Amalie Skram, Johannes V.