Johannes Ewald

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ewald, Johannes


Born Nov. 18, 1743, in Copenhagen; died there Mar. 17,1781. Danish writer.

In his early works Ewald followed the examples of French classicism, for example, his tragedy Adam and Eve (1769). He later turned to themes drawn from Scandinavian mythology and history. Ewald’s dramas Rolf Krage (1770) and Balder’s Death (1775) prepared the way for the romantic national drama. The heroes of his tragedy The Fishermen (1779) are simple working men. Ewald wrote an autobiographical narrative The Life and Opinions of Johannes Ewald (1774–78). In his unfinished philosophical novel The History of Mr. Panthakak (begun 1771), he harshly criticized the concept of Enlightenment optimism. He also published odes and cantatas, as well as lyric poems. Ewald’s song “King Christian Stood by the Lofty Mast” became Denmark’s national anthem.


Samlede skrifter vols. 1–6. Copenhagen, 1914–24.


Frandsen, E. Johannes Ewald. Copenhagen, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tekst af = Text by Johannes Ewald. Udgivet af = Edited by Peter Hauge.
Later works on the subject of Balder include Johannes Ewald's tragedy of erotic passion Balders dod (1774; The Death of Balder) and Matthew Arnold's poem "Balder Dead" (1855).
In actual fact, older Norwegian and Danish literature circulated freely in the same literary waters: Ludvig Holberg, Johannes Ewald, Amalie Skram, Johannes V.