Johannes Hevelius


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Hevelius, Johannes

 

(also Hewel or Höwelcke). Born Jan. 28, 1611, in Gdańsk; died there Jan. 28, 1687. Polish astronomer-observer and founder of selenography.

Hevelius built an observatory in Gdansk. He published the first accurate, detailed, and artistically executed maps of the moon (in Selenography or the Description of the Moon [1647], he named many features of the moon’s surface). He also discovered the moon’s optical libration (1647), the phases of Mercury, and four comets and made the first accurate measurement of the sun’s period of rotation. Hevelius constructed sextants, quadrants without optics (for accurate measurements), and refractors (up to 70 m, “aerial tubes” for observations). He compiled (1687) a catalog of 1,564 stars that was more accurate than that of Tycho Brahe and delineated 11 new constellations. In The Celestial Machine (1673) he described his observatory.

WORKS

Atlas zvezdnogo neba. Edited by V. P. Shcheglov. Tashkent, 1968.

REFERENCES

Seleshnikov, S. I. Astronomiia i kosmonavtika. Kiev, 1967.
Eremeeva, A. I. Vydaiushchiesia astronomy mira. Moscow, 1966. Pages 110-14.

A. I. EREMEEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
"Johannes Hevelius and the visual language of astronomy." In Renaissance and Revolution: Humanists, Scholars, Craftsmen, and Natural Philosophers in Early Modern Europe, ed.
A more complete celestial atlas wouldn't exist until Johannes Hevelius published his catalog of 1,564 fixed stars in 1687.
To design the margins for one of these miniature sheets, Komlev drew inspiration from Johannes Hevelius' 1690 star atlas--which, as many amateur astronomers know, depicts Aquarius with bare buttocks.
Especially prominent were the sky atlases of the "Big Four" celestial cartographers: Johann Bayer, Johannes Hevelius, John Flamsteed, and Johann Bode, in order of date.
Then comes the Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius, who had recently published his own Moon map, in 1647, featuring a grab bag of royals, religious figures, scientists, and explorers.
All were invented by the famed 17th-century astronomer Johannes Hevelius.
Alpha and Beta Sagittarii in his atlas are drawn huge and brilliant, a mistake only partially corrected by Johannes Hevelius in his later atlas, as seen at left.
But let's now discuss two underappreciated beasts near them that were invented in the 17th century by the Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius.
IN 1679 A DISASTROUS fire swept through the estate of renowned Danzig astronomer Johannes Hevelius. His home and observatory, Stellaburgum, burned to the ground.
That's because the number did not come from Flamsteed's catalog, but rather from Prodromus Astronomiae, the 1690 catalog of Johannes Hevelius. Most Hevelius numbers have fallen by the wayside, but 32 Cam lingers on many star charts, to the recurrent puzzlement of stargazers.
Lynx was devised by Johannes Hevelius and depicted in his 1687 atlas Firmamentum Sobiescianum.