Johannes Schmidt

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schmidt, Johannes


Born July 29, 1843, in Prenzlau; died July 4,1901, in Berlin. German linguist.

Schmidt studied Indo-European languages at the universities of Berlin and Jena. He became a professor at the University of Graz in 1873 and at the University of Berlin in 1876. He was a specialist in comparative Indo-European linguistics. In place of A. Schleicher’s family tree model of the development of the Indo-European language family, Schmidt proposed the wave theory to account for the distribution of the Indo-European languages. According to this theory, Proto-Indo-European, while still united as a family of dialects, constituted an aggregate of linguistic innovations, which radiated like waves from the center of the linguistic unity toward its periphery. The Indo-European languages, according to Schmidt, are connected by a number of common features; they lack well-defined boundaries, and there are gradual and imperceptible transitions from one language to another.

Schmidt’s works had a considerable influence on the development of Indo-European dialectology. Schmidt became a foreign corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences in 1892.


Zur Geschichte des indogermanischen Vokalismus, vols. 1–2. Weimar, 1871–75.
Die Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse der indogermanischen Sprachen. Weimar, 1872.
Die Pluralbildungen der indogermanischen Neutra. Weimar, 1889.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Global Marine Science and Carlsberg: The Golden Connections of Johannes Schmidt (1877-1933)
Aristotle mused that eels emerged from the mud of river bottoms, and it was not until 1923 that Danish biologist Johannes Schmidt, after a fifteen-year search, tracked down young larvae of both American (Anguilla rostrata) and European eels (Anguilla anguilla) in the Sargasso Sea.
Sinead Mulhern (Leonore) made up in conviction and emotional intensity what she lacked in decibels, Diogenes Randes was a warmly sympathetic Rocco, Camille Butcher an appealing Marzelline, and Johannes Schmidt a Don Fernando of such beautiful voice that one wished he'd had a larger role.
Meanwhile, Johannes Schmidt, CEO Equity and Project Finance, Siemens Financial Services, will present on 'Financing Infrastructure Projects'.
Translated and with an Introduction and Notes by Jeff Love and Johannes Schmidt. SUNY Series in Contemporary Continental Philosophy.
She married Johannes Schmidt on July 22, 1946, in Bandung, Indonesia.
Six scholars have occupied the Indo-European chair in Graz: Johannes Schmidt, Gustav Meyer, Rudolf Meringer, Hans Reichelt, Wilhelm Brandenstein, and Hermann Mittelberger (there was for a time also an Indo-Iranian chair held by Jo-hann Kirste).
After twenty years of work the Danish researcher Johannes Schmidt showed that all the European eels (Anguilla anguilla) hatch in the spring in the Sargasso Sea, between the Bermudas and Puerto Rico in cold 50-59[degrees]F (10-15[degrees]C) saline waters (36 [per thousand]), at 1,640-2,297 ft (500-700 m) depth.
More than 60 years ago, Danish biologist Johannes Schmidt cruised the Atlantic collecting thousands of eel larvae.
SFS quoted Johannes Schmidt, its head of equity and project finance, as saying, "Siemens thrives on innovation and we recognised in this project another opportunity to invest in an innovative technology."- Reuters