Johannes Volkelt

Volkelt, Johannes


Born July 21, 1848, in Lipnik, Galicia, now the USSR; died May 8, 1930, in Leipzig. German idealist philosopher, psychologist, and writer on aesthetics.

Volkelt was a professor in Jena, Basel, Wiirzburg, and Leipzig. He noted the internal contradictions in the epistemology of I. Kant and came to the conclusion that the “immanent” theory of knowledge, inevitably culminating in skepticism, was untenable. In Volkelt’s judgment, “transsubjective” assumptions must be made with respect to objective existence, the multiplicity of consciousnesses that admit the universal validity of judgments about objective existence, and the lawlike order that governs existence. To a certain extent, Volkelt adhered to the psychological school of thought in aesthetics, sharing the views of F. T. Vischer and T. Lipps with respect to the theory of empathy (Einfühlung).


Kants Erkenntnistheorie. Leipzig, 1879.
Erfahrung und Denken. Hamburg-Leipzig, 1886.
System der Ästhetik, vols. 1–3. Munich, 1905–14.
Gewissheit und Wahrheit. Munich, 1918.
Das Problem der Individualität. Munich, 1928.
In Russian translation:
“Estetika tragicheskogo.” Pedagogicheskii sbornik, 1899, nos. l–4.
Sovremennye voprosy estetiki. St. Petersburg, 1900.


Krüger, F. Nekrolog auf Johannes Volkelt. Leipzig, 1930.
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Jurgen Bona Meyer, Hugo Sommer, Johannes Rehmke, Rudolf Haym, and Johannes Volkelt next enter the fray as multiheaded opponents to the pessimistic Katzenjammerphilosophie.
Scherner, and Johannes Volkelt. Finally, Braungart discusses the 'Einfuhlungsasthetik', which, building on the work of earlier theoreticians, emerged at the turn of the century.

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