John Augustus


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Augustus, John

(1785–1859) pioneer probation officer, philanthropist; born in Boston, Mass. Little is known of his background or early years but by 1841 he was a shoemaker, albeit one who employed several assistants. Attending the Boston Police Court that year, he witnessed a case involving a common drunkard; at Augustus's request, the man's sentence was deferred for three weeks and he was released to Augustus's supervision; at the end of the probationary period the man was able to convince the judge of his reformation and received a nominal fine. After this incident Augustus appeared almost daily in various Boston courts, acting as counsel for prisoners, furnishing bail, and sometimes finding homes for juvenile defenders; his unorthodox approach often brought him into conflict with court officials. He continued to work at his shoemaking business until 1846 when he seems to have acquired enough money to support himself. Between 1842–58, using his own money and some modest contributions from others, he posted bail for 1,946 people. He is regarded as "the father of probation" in the U.S.A.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was the creation of John Augustus Holms, a stockbroker and art collector from Paisley, and his friend the architect Sir Robert Lorimer.
actor Edwin Forrest publishes a note in the press offering $500 to the writer of a play whose lead "shall be an aboriginal of this country." The winner will be John Augustus Stone's Metamora; or, The Last of the Wampanoags.
IN MERSEY | Today, John Augustus Essberger, a chemical tanker coming from Finland.
Probation has a long history, dating back to mid-19th century when John Augustus was allowed to work in the community with convicted offenders instead of in jails.
This separation propagated and persisted for centuries until the spectacular return of design-build in the 19th century in the USA through the design-build wire rope suspension bridges of the German immigrant John Augustus Roebling.
SAILINGS Today: John Augustus, Sodertalje; Santa Theresa, Hamburg; Euro Mora, Bilbao; Clipper Cuillin, Margate; Thea B, Rotterdam.
Probation in England and Wales, and the United States (hereafter, US) share similar origins: they both owe their early existence to two philanthropists (John Augustus and Matthew Davenport Hill) in the mid-nineteenth century and both stem from similar forms of judicial reprieve.
Roebling (1837-1926) wrote a memoir of his father John Augustus (1806-69).
Groomsmen were Mark Anthony Hill, John Augustus Ingram, and Robert Irvin Rhea.
It turns out that the similarly massive and amazing font was given to the new church by the Revd John Augustus Yatman, the squire of nearby Winscombe, who was one of Burges's important patrons.
John Augustus Dolton, aged 42, of Faulkner House, Stoney Stanton Road, Foleshill, driving with an incorrect licence, using a vehicle without insurance and without a test certificate and failing to produce motoring documents, fined pounds 400.
The practice of probation dates to 1841 in this country, when a Boston cobbler named John Augustus persuaded the court to release a drunkard into his custody instead of sending him to prison, Rockstroh said.