Hood, John Bell

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Hood, John Bell,

1831–79, Confederate general in the American Civil War, b. Owingsville, Ky. He resigned from the army (Apr., 1861) and entered the Confederate service 1862. He fought in the Peninsular campaign and at the second battle of Bull Run (Aug., 1862) and was promoted to the rank of major general in October. As a division commander under James LongstreetLongstreet, James,
1821–1904, Confederate general in the American Civil War, b. Edgefield District, S.C. He graduated (1842) from West Point and served in the Mexican War, reaching the rank of major. At the outbreak of the Civil War he resigned from the U.S.
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, he distinguished himself at Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg and at Chickamauga, where he won his lieutenant generalcy (Sept., 1863). In the Atlanta campaignAtlanta campaign,
May–Sept., 1864, of the U.S. Civil War. In the spring of 1864, Gen. W. T. Sherman concentrated the Union armies of G. H. Thomas, J. B. McPherson, and J. M. Schofield around Chattanooga.
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 of 1864 he fought under Joseph E. JohnstonJohnston, Joseph Eggleston,
1807–91, Confederate general, b. Prince Edward co., Va., grad. West Point, 1829. He served against the Seminole in Florida and with distinction under Winfield Scott in the Mexican War.
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 until Jefferson Davis, displeased with that general's retreat, made Hood commander. Hood, faring no better against General ShermanSherman, William Tecumseh,
1820–91, Union general in the American Civil War, b. Lancaster, Ohio. Sherman is said by many to be the greatest of the Civil War generals.
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, was obliged to abandon Atlanta on Sept. 1. To prevent a further Union advance Hood moved against Sherman's long line of communications. Sherman followed, but later, satisfied that George H. ThomasThomas, George Henry,
1816–70, Union general in the American Civil War, b. Southampton co., Va. He served in the Seminole War and in the Mexican War. Later he taught at West Point and served in Texas.
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 at Nashville could cope with Hood, returned to Atlanta and marched to the sea. Hood then began to advance through Tennessee. John M. SchofieldSchofield, John McAllister
, 1831–1906, Union general in the American Civil War, b. Gerry, N.Y. He taught at West Point (1855–60) and on the outbreak of the Civil War became chief of staff to Nathaniel Lyon in Missouri.
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 slowly withdrew before him, repulsing his attack in a bloody battle at Franklin (Nov. 30) before joining Thomas. In the battle of Nashville (Dec. 15–16), Thomas won the most complete victory of the war, virtually annihilating the Confederates. Hood resigned his command (Jan., 1865) and surrendered at Natchez, Miss., in May.

Bibliography

See his Advance and Retreat (1879, new ed. 1959, repr. 1969); S. F. Horn, The Army of Tennessee (1941, repr. 1959); biographies by R. O'Connor (1949, repr. 1959) and J. P. Dyer (1950).

Hood, John Bell

(1831–79) soldier; born in Owingsville, Ky. A doctor's son, he graduated from West Point (1853) near the bottom of his class and served in California and Texas. Resigning to join the Confederate service, he commanded a brigade at 2nd Bull Run and Antietam (both 1862) and a division at Gettysburg, where he was seriously wounded. Wounded again at Chickamauga (1863), he recovered from the amputation of his right leg in time to succeed Joseph E. Johnston in command of the army facing Sherman before Atlanta. Promoted beyond his capabilities he was no match for Sherman. Forced out of Atlanta, he marched north while Sherman moved east to the sea; his ill-advised attacks at Franklin and Nashville, Tenn. (1864), shattered his army. Hood went into business in New Orleans after the war, but his ventures were unsuccessful. He died in poverty, the victim, along with some of his large family, of a yellow fever epidemic.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stephen Hood, a descendent of Confederate General John Bell Hood, draws on John Bell Hood's posthumously published memoir and his personal papers, along with accounts of generals and other officers who served with Hood during the Civil War, to confirm the validity of Hood's version of his career in his memoir.
John Bell Hood (June 1 1831 - August 30, 1879) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War.
Hill to corps command (in Longstreet's opinion) overlooked "the claims of other generals, most notably Longstreet proteges John Bell Hood and Lafayette McLaws, who had been active and very efficient in the service.
The base was named after Confederate General John Bell Hood.
He utilizes all the main characters of the conflict including the hot- tempered and intelligent General Sherman, General John Bell Hood, who was the last hope of the Confederacy to defend Atlanta; Benjamin Harrison the young Indiana colonel who would rise to become President of the United States; Patrick Cleburne, the Irishman turned-Southern- officer.
PHOTO The Civil Warriors Round Table will meet Wednesday at Weiler's West Hills Deli for a discussion titled ``The Return of General John Bell Hood.
Certainly the saga of John Bell Hood and his army is well-known to historians, and the details of this campaign are well presented in works by Shelby Foote, Thomas Connelly, Richard McMurry, James McPherson, and many other Civil War specialists.
Civil War Confederate general John Bell Hood was reviled by historians as a reckless madman, an addict, and a failure, but in the first full-length biography of Hood to appear in 20 years, Miller (history, Emporia State University) challenges previous perceptions of Hood's personality flaws, his alleged abuse of painkillers, and his incompetence as a military leader.
The commanding general worried about leaving John Bell Hood in Sherman's rear and wanted Sherman to bring his army to join the siege of Petersburg once he reached Savannah.