John Bright


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Bright, John,

1811–89, British statesman and orator. He was the son of a Quaker cotton manufacturer in Lancashire. A founder (1839) of the Anti-Corn Law League, he rose to prominence on the strength of his formidable oratory against the corn lawscorn laws,
regulations restricting the export and import of grain, particularly in England. As early as 1361 export was forbidden in order to keep English grain cheap. Subsequent laws, numerous and complex, forbade export unless the domestic price was low and forbade import
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. A staunch laissez-faire capitalist, and, with Richard CobdenCobden, Richard
, 1804–65, British politician, a leading spokesman for the Manchester school. He made a fortune as a calico printer in Manchester. A firm believer in free trade, after 1838 he devoted himself to the formation and work of the Anti-Corn-Law League.
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, a bastion of the Manchester schoolManchester school,
group of English political economists of the 19th cent., so called because they met at Manchester. Their most outstanding leaders were Richard Cobden and John Bright.
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 of economics, he resented the protection given to landholders by these laws at the expense of manufacturing interests. After the repeal (1846) of the corn laws, Bright's principal concern was parliamentary reform, which he pursued relentlessly until passage of the third Reform Bill in 1884. A member of Parliament for Manchester (1847–57), he lost his seat because of his opposition to British involvement in the Crimean War, which he considered un-Christian and against Britain's economic interests. He represented Birmingham (1858–89) and served in William Gladstone's cabinets as president of the Board of Trade (1868–70) and chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster (1873–74, 1880–82). He supported Gladstone on the issues of disestablishment of the Church of Ireland (1869) and Irish land reforms, but he opposed Home Rule for Ireland. His laissez-faire views also made him oppose direct government intervention to improve the conditions of the poor. He resigned (1882) in protest against intervention in Egypt for the same reasons that had led him to oppose the Crimean War.

Bibliography

See his speeches (ed. by J. E. T. Rogers, 1868) and public addresses (also ed. by J. E. T. Rogers, 1879); D. Read, Cobden and Bright (1967); J. R. Vincent, The Formation of the British Liberal Party (1967).

References in periodicals archive ?
John Bright opened on its first site in 1896, and was named after a former MP for Durham who regularly visited the resort town.
Princess Anne receives flowers from Ysgol John Bright pupil Hannah Davies during her visit to the Llandudno school yesterday; Picture: JEFF PITT
Ysgol John Bright headteacher Graham Davies gave a brief background to the original plaques at a ceremony at the school and thanked Mike and Jobi Hold for the safekeeping of the WWI plaque and Mr Storer for returning the WWII plaque to the council.
They not only researched the history of John Bright, a friend of US president Abraham Lincoln, but also re-created episodes from the history of the resort and interviewed past and present pupils, staff and parents.
Ysgol John Bright headteacher Graham Davies gave a brief background to the original plaques at a ceremony at the school this week, and thanked Mike and Jobi Hold for the safekeeping of the WWI plaque and Mr Storer for returning the WWII plaque to the council.
John Bright is congratulated by Coun Mahboob Hussain and John Hillier, of the Entertainment and Leisure Software Publishers Association.
The new Ysgol John Bright was built with a pounds 40m Private Finance Initiative package which is also funding major work at Ysgol Dyffryn Conwy in Llanrwst and Ysgol Aberconwy in Conwy.
YSGOL John Bright are arranging a World Cup Competition (organised by Mr M Sharp) which gives students the opportunity to learn about countries from all over the world.
And somehow I hear that his boss, John Kelly, is desperate to enter the contest for John Bright Moustache of the Year.
At the moment John Bright Street is being hacked to pieces.
``Some of John Bright's former pupils have gone right to the top of their chosen professions,'' says Anne.``There was a time when people from all over the country sent their children to the school because of its reputation.''
YEAR 9 Religious Education students from Ysgol John Bright, Llandudno performed the Easter story to Primary school students from Ysgol Blessed William Davies.