John Bright


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Bright, John,

1811–89, British statesman and orator. He was the son of a Quaker cotton manufacturer in Lancashire. A founder (1839) of the Anti-Corn Law League, he rose to prominence on the strength of his formidable oratory against the corn lawscorn laws,
regulations restricting the export and import of grain, particularly in England. As early as 1361 export was forbidden in order to keep English grain cheap. Subsequent laws, numerous and complex, forbade export unless the domestic price was low and forbade import
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. A staunch laissez-faire capitalist, and, with Richard CobdenCobden, Richard
, 1804–65, British politician, a leading spokesman for the Manchester school. He made a fortune as a calico printer in Manchester. A firm believer in free trade, after 1838 he devoted himself to the formation and work of the Anti-Corn-Law League.
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, a bastion of the Manchester schoolManchester school,
group of English political economists of the 19th cent., so called because they met at Manchester. Their most outstanding leaders were Richard Cobden and John Bright.
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 of economics, he resented the protection given to landholders by these laws at the expense of manufacturing interests. After the repeal (1846) of the corn laws, Bright's principal concern was parliamentary reform, which he pursued relentlessly until passage of the third Reform Bill in 1884. A member of Parliament for Manchester (1847–57), he lost his seat because of his opposition to British involvement in the Crimean War, which he considered un-Christian and against Britain's economic interests. He represented Birmingham (1858–89) and served in William Gladstone's cabinets as president of the Board of Trade (1868–70) and chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster (1873–74, 1880–82). He supported Gladstone on the issues of disestablishment of the Church of Ireland (1869) and Irish land reforms, but he opposed Home Rule for Ireland. His laissez-faire views also made him oppose direct government intervention to improve the conditions of the poor. He resigned (1882) in protest against intervention in Egypt for the same reasons that had led him to oppose the Crimean War.

Bibliography

See his speeches (ed. by J. E. T. Rogers, 1868) and public addresses (also ed. by J. E. T. Rogers, 1879); D. Read, Cobden and Bright (1967); J. R. Vincent, The Formation of the British Liberal Party (1967).

References in periodicals archive ?
James also attends Ysgol Glanwydden, in Penrhyn Bay, which is a feeder primary school for Ysgol John Bright.
A list of group members has been taken and will be passed to the teaching staff of Ysgol John Bright for further investigation and disciplinary action as deemed necessary by the teaching staff.
Sara Williams - Careers Wales - Careers and World of Work |Coordinator; Steven Williams - Careers Wales School Advisor; Gwenda Roberts - Careers Wales - Manager - presenting award; Keith Harries - Ysgol John Bright - Careers and Work Experience Coordinator
Today, a bust of John Bright - found by Jackie Kennedy in the 1960s - sits inside the main entrance of the White House.
It is advised that all current members listed remove themselves from the group by March 15 or face further caution by Ysgol John Bright.
The current Ysgol John Bright will be demolished and an Asda supermarket will be built on the land now occupied by the school.
the annual Ysgol John Bright Student Awards Ceremony.
Independent Scottish out-fit Brewdog has launched the business in John Bright Street and wants to rejuvenate the area into a vibrant quarter for independent ventures.
The cricketing battle between the two Worcester newcomers in the Lord's Taverners John Bright Trophy corporate cricket tournament has been won by the Mainstay Group.
The schools are Ysgol Craig y Don in Llandudno, Ysgol Dolgarrog in the Conwy Valley, Ysgol John Bright in Llandudno and Rydal Penrhos School in Colwyn Bay.
Building work on the new Ysgol John Bright School, in Maesdu Road, Llandudno, is due to start next April as Conwy Councillors voted overwhelmingly in favour of the plans to move the school.
YSGOL JOHN BRIGHT pupils are champions in a Solar Powered Boat Challenge Last term the Ysgol John Bright Eco Committee were busy designing and manufacturing an eco friendly boat to take part in the annual Solar Boat Challenge held at Ysgol Eirias in Colwyn Bay.