John Bunyan

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Related to John Bunyan: Pilgrim's Progress

Bunyan, John

(bŭn`yən), 1628–88, English author, b. Elstow, Bedfordshire. After a brief period at the village free school, Bunyan learned the tinker's trade, which he followed intermittently throughout his life. Joining the parliamentary army in 1644, he served until 1647. The reading of several pious books and a constant study of the Bible intensified Bunyan's religious beliefs, and in 1653 he began acting as lay preacher for a congregation of Baptists in Bedford. In this capacity he came into conflict with the Quakers led by George FoxFox, George,
1624–91, English religious leader, founder of the Society of Friends, b. Fenny Drayton in Leicestershire. As a boy he was apprenticed to a shoemaker and wool dealer.
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 and turned to writing in defense of his beliefs. In 1660 agents of the restored monarchy arrested him for unlicensed preaching, and he remained in prison for the next 12 years. During this period Bunyan wrote nine books, the most famous of which is Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners (1666), a fervent spiritual autobiography. Soon after his release in 1672 he was reimprisoned briefly and wrote the first part of his masterpiece The Pilgrim's Progress from This World to That Which Is to Come, published in 1678. A second part appeared in 1684. By the time Bunyan was released from his second imprisonment, he had become a hero to the members of his sect, and he continued preaching and writing until his death. The principal works of these later years are The Life and Death of Mr. Badman (1680) and The Holy War (1682). Pilgrim's Progress is an allegory recounting Christian's journey from the City of Destruction to the Celestial City; the second part describes the manner in which Christian's wife, Christiana, makes the same pilgrimage. Remarkable for its simple, biblical style and its vivid presentation of character and incident, Pilgrim's Progress is considered one of the world's great works of literature. Bunyan's continued popularity rests on the spiritual fervor that permeates his works and on the compelling style in which they are written. His prose unites the eloquence of the Bible with the vigorous realism of common speech.


See biography by O. E. Winslow (1961); studies by H. A. Talon (1951), W. Y. Tindall (1934, repr. 1964), D. E. Smith (1966), R. Sharrock (rev. ed. 1968), V. Newey, ed. (1980), and E. B. Batson (1984); A. Duncan-Page, ed, The Cambridge Companion to Bunyan (2010).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bunyan, John


Born November 1628 in Elstow; died Aug. 31, 1688, in London. English writer. Son of a village tinsmith, and a coppersmith himself.

At the time of the English Revolution of the 17th century Bunyan became a Puritan preacher. During the Restoration he spent 12 years in prison and there wrote the allegorical novel The Pilgrim’s Progress (parts 1–2, 1678–84; Russian translation, 1878). In Bunyan’s novel religious moralizing is combined with attacks on the aristocracy and bourgeoisie. In The Life and Death of Mr. Badman (1680), Bunyan for the first time in English literature satirically portrayed a bourgeois moneygrubber. The allegorical image of “vanity fair” which one finds in Bunyan’s works was used by W. Thackeray in a novel of the same name.


The Entire Works, vols. 1–4. [London, 1859–60.]
In Russian translation:
Bun’ian, loan. Sochineniia, 3rd ed., parts 1–4. Moscow, 1819.


Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 1, 2nd issue. Moscow-Leningrad, 1945.
Lindsay, J. J. Bunyan, Maker of Myths. London, 1937.
Talon, H. A. John Bunyan. London [and elsewhere], 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is not surprising that John Bunyan, during his long imprisonment that led to the composition of The Pilgrim's Progress, "kept his copy of John Foxe's Book of Martyrs with him, which next to the Bible was his primary source of reading" (40).
This, he says, was the spirit of John Bunyan's sacramental understanding of baptism and the Lord's Supper.
'He who would valiant be, 'gainst all disaster, let him walk constantly, though wheels go faster' (Doc Caldwell, with apologies to John Bunyan).
John Bunyan lived from 1628 to 1688, one of the most turbulent periods in English history.
Ever heard of John Bunyan or Nelson Mandela, Abraham?
In The Pilgrim's Progress John Bunyan is concerned with progress or forward movement (Manlove 23-25; Swaim 23) that is dependent upon the activity of the pilgrim.
Trauma and Transformation: The Political Progress of John Bunyan. Edited by Vera J.
Frank Baum Bengodi Giovanni Boccaccio Broceliande John Bunyan Centrum Terrae Edgar Rice Burroughs Cloudcuckooland Samuel Butler Coromandel James Branch Cabell Dictionopolis Casanova Earthsea Samuel Taylor Coleridge El Dorado Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Erewhon Anatole France Flafland W.S.
Trauma and Transformation: The Political Progress of John Bunyan is the second foray of Stanford University Press into contemporary scholarship on the seventeenth-century tinker, following 2002's Glimpses of Glory: John Bunyan and English Dissent by Richard L.
The great John Bunyan, Bishop Ken, Robert Bums, John Henry Newman and Spenser are there together with Michael and Honor Thwaites, John Shaw Neilson and John Newton in words written for the first Chaplain to New South Wales.
Trauma, and Transformation: The Political Progress of John Bunyan. Stanford: Stanford up, 2008.