Cassian, John

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Cassian, John

(kăsh`ən) (Johannes Cassianus), 360–435, an Eastern Christian monk and theologian who brought Eastern spirituality to the West. Cassian toured the ascetic monastic settlements of Egypt before he was driven from the East during the controversy over the theology of OrigenOrigen
, 185?–254?, Christian philosopher and scholar. His full name was Origines Adamantius, and he was born in Egypt, probably in Alexandria. When he was quite young, his father was martyred.
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. He settled at Marseilles (415) and established religious houses for men and for women. He was attacked for Semi-Pelagianism (see PelagianismPelagianism
, Christian heretical sect that rose in the 5th cent. challenging St. Augustine's conceptions of grace and predestination. The doctrine was advanced by the celebrated monk and theologian Pelagius (c.355–c.425). He was probably born in Britain.
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), but he was trusted in Rome. His Conferences, a record of his earlier experiences with famous abbots and ascetics in Egypt, and his Institutes, a treatise on monasticism, had a critical influence on Western monasticism, especially in matters of ascetic and mystical life. He wrote against Nestorianism.

Bibliography

See study by O. Chadwick (2d ed. 1968).

References in periodicals archive ?
35) John Cassian, The Conferences, trans, and annotated Boniface Ramsey (New York: Paulist, 1997), 43; The Institutes, trans.
You can see the strategy already at work in John Cassian in the fifth century, particularly in his Tenth Conference, where he urges the continuous use of the prayer sentence from Psalm 70, "O Lord, come to my assistance, Oh God make speed to save me.
2) Norris has been an oblate in the Benedictine Order since 1986 and she brings to the foreground the accounts of acedia provided by the desert monks, especially Evagrius Ponticus (345-399) and John Cassian (360-435).
The "Seven Deadly Sins" were first developed by John Cassian in the 5th Century, and then refined by Pope Gregory a hundred years later.
The Moral Status of Anger: Thomas Aquinas and John Cassian, MICHAEL ROTA
The list was supposedly developed by a 6th century pope, Saint Gregory the Great, and another man who became a saint, John Cassian.
The given exemplars in the "Practices" section are Origen, Evagrius Ponticus, John Cassian, Gregory the Great, Hildegard of Bingen and Richard of St.
Since the Protestant Reformation, Catholic spirituality has been dominated by prayer involving words and formulas, obscuring the contemplative tradition evident in figures such as Gregory of Nyssa, John Cassian, Bernard of Clairvaux, Teresa of Avila, John of the Cross, and Therese of Lisieux.
He fails, however, to tell the story of John Cassian, whose Latin tome conveying the wisdom of this Greek hermit was read daily at the common meals of Europe's Benedictine monasteries.
The stories, insights and reflections of various saints such as Gregory Nazianzen, John Cassian, Gregory the Great, Francis de Sales and others, are presented directly beside the relevant passages in Scripture.
Christ's words in Matthew 5:23-24 seem to be directed at one who has offended another, but John Chrysosrom offers an unusual interpretation (echoed by John Cassian, trans.
When men like Anthony of Egypt, Pachomius, and John Cassian went off to the desert to pursue spiritual perfection, they began a trend that would divert Christianity from its world-ending desire and direct it toward creating spiritual paradises on Earth to prepare the soul for eternal happiness in God's heaven.