John Coltrane


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Coltrane, John

(kōltrān`, kōl`trān), 1926–67, American jazz musician, b. Hamlet, N.C. He began playing tenor saxophone as an adolescent. Coltrane worked with numerous big bands before emerging in the mid-1950s as a major stylist while playing as a sideman with Miles DavisDavis, Miles,
1926–91, American jazz musician, b. Alton, Ill. Rising to prominence with the birth of modern jazz in the mid-1940s, when he was a sideman in Charlie Parker's bop quintet, Davis became a dominant force in jazz trumpet.
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. Originally influenced by Lester YoungYoung, Lester Willis,
1909–59, American jazz musician, b. Woodville, Miss. He played the tenor saxophone with various bands (1929–40), including those of Fletcher Henderson and Count Basie, with whom he first recorded in 1936.
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, Coltrane displayed in his playing a dazzling technical brilliance combined with ardent emotion and eventually a kind of mysticism. His style, which was at once sonorous and spare, was influenced by the rhythms and tonal structure of African and Asian music. Coltrane made a number of influential recordings, among them the modal-jazz classics My Favorite Things (1961) and A Love Supreme (1964), and the later exemplars of free jazz, Ascension and Interstellar Space, his final album. From the late 1950s until his death he was considered the outstanding tenor and soprano saxophonist of the jazz avant-garde, and his music continues to be a strong source of inspiration to jazz and pop musicians.

Bibliography

See biographies by E. Nisenson (1994) and L. Porter (1998); B. Ratliff, Coltrane: The Story of a Sound (2007); L. Brown, John Coltrane and Black America's Quest for Freedom (2010); discography by Y. Fujioka et al. (1995).

Coltrane, John (William)

(1926–67) jazz musician; born in Hamlet, N.C. Originally an alto saxophonist, he moved to Philadelphia after graduating from high school, where he had received his first formal training. He played with a local group in 1945, then spent part of his military service from 1945 to 1946 in a U.S. Navy band stationed in Hawaii. He studied woodwinds at the Granoff Studios and the Ornstein School of Music in Philadelphia during the late 1940s. Initially a disciple of Charlie Parker, he played alto and tenor saxophones in a succession of bands led by King Kolax, Eddie “Cleanhead” Vinson, Dizzy Gillespie, Earl Bostic, and Johnny Hodges between 1947 and 1954. By 1955, when he joined Miles Davis's celebrated quintet, he was playing tenor saxophone exclusively and gaining recognition for his distinctive "sheets of sound" style. He left Davis in 1957, began a series of free-lance recordings under his own leadership, and played a formative engagement with Thelonious Monk at the Five Spot in New York for six months. After a period of permanent rehabilitation from drug and alcohol addiction, he rejoined Davis from 1958 to 1960 and was profoundly influenced by the trumpeter's experiments in modal improvisation. In May 1960, following the critical acclaim of his recording Giant Steps, he began leading his own quartet. Later that year, his recording My Favorite Things, featuring his first use of the soprano saxophone, was a major jazz hit. For the next five years, while his quartet maintained a continual touring schedule in the U.S.A. and Europe, his quest for musical self-renewal made him one of the most revered and controversial figures in jazz. He embraced the new generation of free jazz exponents, and his music gradually reflected his interest in Eastern music and philosophy on such recordings as Om, Ascension, and A Love Supreme. He also emerged as the most influential and widely imitated saxophonist in jazz, his intensely emotional attack and dense flow of notes becoming hallmarks of the next generation of saxophone players. He led a variety of ensembles during the last two years of his life, working only sporadically while suffering from the liver cancer that claimed him at age 41.
References in periodicals archive ?
The John Coltrane Reference supplants other Coltrane discographies and the Coltrane sections of general jazz discographies, as well as those found in biographies of Coltrane.
He discusses the society and the critic, Black nationalism and the revolution in music, the anatomy of the John Coltrane quartet, and Malcolm X's inspiration for jazz musicians.
El nombre contundente de Roy Haynes evoca a su vez a otros gigantes del genero, como Miles Davis, John Coltrane, Charlie Parker Bird, Chick Corea, Eric Dolphy, Thelonius Monk, Dizzy Gillespie, Pat Metheny, ni mas ni menos, constelaciones grabadas con letras de oro para el universo que consagra la historia musical de este maestro del jazz quien, a sus 80 anos y pico, sigue percutiendo una bateria prodigiosa con el mismo entusiasmo que a inicios de su maratonica carrera.
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Ertegun, who shaped the careers of John Coltrane, Charles, the Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin and many others, died at 83 on Thursday in Manhattan.
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The agency cleverly tied in the promotion of the Pioneers in Black Music series, which features stamps of legends such as John Coltrane, Paul Robeson, and Marian Anderson, with Black Music Month.
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Rice is probably closer to the mark when he discovers sardonic or parodic or defiant comment in, say, the music of John Coltrane, or the vocabulary, rhythms, and urban street "toasts" and "dozens" of black youth.
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1964 74m director, script and editor Gilles Groulx, producer Jacques Bobet, cinematographer Jean-Claude Labrecque, music John Coltrane and Antonio Vivaidi; with Barbara Ulrich, Claude Godbout, Manon Blain, Jean-Paul Bernier, Andre Blanc and Veronique Vilbert
Bey knows about that too, having spent those decades gaining status among his contemporaries, sharing stages with the likes of Dinah Washington and Horace Silver, but never becoming a household name--unless that household belonged to somebody like John Coltrane (who called Bey his favorite vocalist), Aretha Franklin, Nina Simone, or Lena Home.