John Cowdery Kendrew
Kendrew, John Cowdery
Born Mar. 24, 1917, in Compton, Berkshire. English biochemist, specialist in molecular biology. Fellow of the Royal Society of London since 1960.
Kendrew graduated from Cambridge University in 1939. Since 1946 he has worked at Cambridge on uncoding the structure of protein molecules by the method of X-ray analysis. In 1957 he became the first to determine the spatial arrangement of polypeptide chains in a myoglobin molecule; in 1959 he established its detailed structure, confirming the presence of α-spirals, which had been predicted in 1951 by L. Pauling. Kendrew is the founder and editor in chief of the Journal of Molecular Biology. In 1962 he won the Nobel Prize in chemistry, jointly with M. Perutz.