John Fisher


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Fisher, John

(Saint John Fisher), c.1469–1535, English prelate, cardinal, bishop of Rochester (1504–34). Known for his scholarship at Cambridge, he was chosen confessor to Margaret BeaufortBeaufort, Margaret, countess of Richmond and Derby
, 1443–1509, English noblewoman, mother of Henry VII. She was the daughter and heiress of John, 1st duke of Somerset, and great-granddaughter of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster.
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, mother of Henry VII. As vice chancellor of the university (1501–4) and chancellor thereafter, he helped carry out her plans for establishing St. John's College and Christ's College. As bishop he was firm in his denunciation of abuses by the clergy; however, he resisted reforms, like those of Martin Luther, that affected doctrines of the church. Giving his support to the new learning, he brought Erasmus to lecture at the university. Fisher, who was confessor to Katharine of Aragón, was the only English bishop to oppose the invalidation of the marriage of Henry VIII and Katharine. He refused to acknowledge the king as supreme head of the church and to accede to the Act of Succession, which declared Katharine's child (Mary I) illegitimate. In 1534 he was imprisoned in the Tower and deprived of his bishopric. Pope Paul III, to show his support, created Fisher a cardinal in May, 1535. Henry, infuriated, pushed the trial forward. A fortnight before Sir Thomas More was executed, Fisher was beheaded on Tower Hill. He was canonized as a martyr in 1935. Most of the Latin writings that he left were published in 1597. Some of his English works still remain in manuscript. Feast: July 9.

Bibliography

See T. Bayly, The Life and Death of That Renowned John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester (1635, new ed. 1893); B. Bradshaw and D. Eamon, ed., Humanism, Reform and the Reformation: The Career of Bishop John Fisher (1989); biography by E. E. Reynolds (1955); study by E. L. Surtz (1967).

References in periodicals archive ?
Mark John Fisher of Holywell assaulted two men in their 80s while working at Greencroft Nursing Home, Shotton (inset)_
ST CUTHBERTS travel to Harrogate's St John Fisher Catholic School on Monday (1.45) hoping to continue their progress in the ESFA Match Cup.
Only one bishop, John Fisher, sainted together with More in 1935, dared to do what More did.
Scores of residents on the Church Hill estate, Redditch, are expected at the meeting at St John Fisher First School tomorrow when attempts will be made to persuade Worcestershire County Council to change its mind about shutting the school.
This time Farnworth (40) took the top honours, St John Fisher (24) claimed second place and St Bede's (21) were third.
They can speak to local councillors, police and other voluntary groups at the Wyken Ward Forum at St John Fisher Church, in Tiverton Road.
Kevin Higgins, head of St John Fisher Catholic School, has paid tribute to Royal Marine Curley who died in Afghanistan on May 26.
JOHN Fisher of Huyton and Prescot has won the Liverpool Alliance's Stan Barrow Trophy with a 40 points total at Childwall.
Radio ads featuring the voice of 47-year-old John Fisher, who lost his son George, 24, to a drug driver, will form part of the campaign.
St John Fisher RC School, in Chatham, already has the system up and running.
The council's plans to close St John Fisher Roman Catholic First School went through on a one-vote majority, although it pledged further consultation with parents until February 25.
John Fisher. In the difficult moment when he faced death, Venchi writes, he had the strength to write a commentary on the Miserere (Psalm 51) which is one of the most beautiful in the history of the Church.