John Flaxman


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Flaxman, John,

1755–1826, English sculptor and draftsman. At 20 he went to work for Josiah Wedgwood, designing the cameolike decorations for Wedgwood's pottery. Later, in Rome, he devoted himself to sculpture and produced outline figure drawings from Greek vases as illustrations for works of Homer, Dante, Aeschylus, and Hesiod. These were engraved by his friend William Blake. He is well known for his neoclassical memorial sculpture of Sir Joshua Reynolds, Admiral Earl Howe, and Lord Nelson (all: St. Paul's Cathedral).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Flaxman, John

 

Born July 6, 1755, in York; died Dec. 7, 1826, in London. English sculptor and graphic artist; representative of classicism.

Flaxman studied at the Royal Academy of Arts in London from 1770 to 1772 and became a professor there in 1810. From 1787 to 1794 he worked in Rome. He sculpted official monuments, including memorial stones in Westminster Abbey and St. Paul’s Cathedral in London. He executed elegant drawings in the style of ancient Greek vase painting to illustrate the Iliad and the Odyssey, the plays of Aeschylus, and Dante’s Divine Comedy (published 1793–1807 in engravings by T. Piroli). From 1775 to 1787, Flaxman created harmoniously clear reliefs in the antique spirit for the pottery manufacturer J. Wedgwood.

REFERENCE

Constable, W. G. John Flaxman, 1755–1826. London, 1927.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
29-32 in LVA; and Sienkewicz, "John Flaxman Redux: Copying, Homage, and Allusion in the Watercolors of Benjamin Henry Latrobe," forthcoming in The British Art Journal.
Greatly influenced by British illustrator John Flaxman, Moritz Retzsch worked in outline form, and his etchings were generally known as Retzsch's Outlines.
He suggests the sculptor John Flaxman may have been the catalyst who lit the Swedenborgian spark in his friend William; he notes Blake's future patron, William Hayley, with whom Flaxman exchanged books by or about Swedenborg, entrusted his son to Flaxman's tutelage.
Among the medieval narrative sources accessible to the artists, Havely identifies as the most significant Boccaccio's version in his Esposizioni, whose influence is discernible in the illustrations by Henry Fuseli, John Flaxman, and Jean August Dominique Ingres.
adding a picture-gallery decorated in a Neo-Classical style, a sculpture-gallery, another picture-gallery in the Greek style, a Hindoo Room, an Egyptian Revival Room (with furniture in an extraordinarily powerful Graeco-Egyptian style designed by himself), a Flaxman Room lo show off works by John Flaxman (1755-1826), and various other rooms for the display of Greek vases.
For fifty-six years, from 1950 to 2006, I acquired books, prints, and drawings by William Blake and his friends, such as the writer and artist George Cumberland, the sculptor John Flaxman, the book-illustrator Thomas Stothard, and the sensational painter Henry Fuseli.
Girodet, although influenced by John Flaxman and Johann Heinrich Fussli, uses a different technique: the delicate overlay of ink washes creates subtle modulations, while Fussli contrasts vigorously dark washes on light-colored paper.
While there, Clarke met the writer Charlotte Smith, the sculptor John Flaxman, and other notable artists and writers.
The grandfather, Jacob Christian Jacobsen (1811-1887), amassed sculptures by his contemporary and compatriot Bertel Thorwaldsen, a Neo-Classicist akin to John Flaxman in Attic dexterity, but lacking Flaxman's sharpness and tightness of design.
Gilson, "Tradition and Innovation in Cristoforo Landino's Glosses on Astrology in his Comento sopra la Comedia (1481)" (48-74); Charlotte Miller, "John Flaxman's Working Copy of Dante's Divina Commedia" (75-87); Olivia Santovetti, "'Il lettore mutatosi in collaboratore': Digression and the Reader in Carlo Dossi's Texts" (88-103); Shirley W.
Homer, John Flaxman (1755-1826) achieved an international reputation in
John Flaxman will be producing and directing a special music tribute to theater legend Hal Prince, an active supporter of The Partnership.