John Fletcher


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Fletcher, John,

1579–1625, English dramatist, b. Rye, Sussex, educated at Cambridge. A member of a prominent literary family, he began writing for the stage about 1606, first with Francis BeaumontBeaumont, Francis
, 1584?–1616, English dramatist. Born of a distinguished family, he studied at Oxford and the Inner Temple. His literary reputation is linked with that of John Fletcher, with whom he began collaborating about 1606.
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, with whom his name is inseparably linked, later with Massinger and others. Fletcher may have collaborated with Shakespeare on Henry VIII and The Two Noble Kinsmen. He is also thought the principal author of Double Falsehood (first published 1727), in which Shakespeare may have had a hand. Though there is great uncertainty in dating the plays of Beaumont and Fletcher, their chief works appeared between 1607 and 1613. In Philaster, A Maid's Tragedy, A King and No King, and The Scornful Lady, they developed the form of the romance tragicomedy, which came to characterize a whole generation of later plays. In these plays a potentially tragic situation is developed until, at the end, through a twist of plot a happy solution is effected. A prolific writer, he enjoyed great success in many genres because of his entertaining and accessible poetry, his masterful use of sexual intrigue, and the refined composition of his work.

Bibliography

See edition of the works of Beaumont and Fletcher by F. Bowers (7 vol., 1966–); studies by E. Waith (1952), A. E. Thorndike (1965), and J. H. Wilson (1968).

Fletcher, John

 

Born December 1579 in Rye, Sussex; died August 1625 in London. English dramatist.

Fletcher wrote most of his plays in collaboration with F. Beaumont (Philaster, 1611; The Maid’s Tragedy, 1611; and A King and No King, 1611) and P. Massinger (The Little French Lawyer, 1619). Among the plays that he wrote alone were Monsieur Thomas (1615), Wit Without Money (1614), and Rule a Wife and Have a Wife (1624). Fletcher’s works pose no profound national, political, or ethical problems; the plays reflect the moral corruption of the nobility and the court aristocracy and challenge bourgeois Puritanism and its sanctimonious morality. Fletcher and Beaumont originated the genre of tragicomedy.

WORKS

The Works of Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher, vols. 1–10. Cambridge, 1905–12.
In Russian translation:
P’esy, vols. 1–2. [Introduction by A. Anikst.] Moscow, 1965.

REFERENCES

Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 1, part 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1945.
Wallis, L. B. Fletcher, Beaumont and Company. New York, 1947.
Leech, C. The John Fletcher Plays. London, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Danish said, "I have worked closely with John Fletcher .
Berkenhead's statement was confirmed and expanded upon by Thomas Fuller, a moderate royalist churchman, who described the playwright in his posthumous The Worthies of England (1662) as follows: 'JOHN FLETCHER Son of Richard Fletcher D.
John Fletcher was as famous as Shakespeare in his day Joining the discussion will be Gregory Doran, the RSC's chief associate director, who is working on his own version of Cardenio for performance and Profes o -sor Stanley Wells, chairman of the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust.
"It doesn't surprise me in the least," said Newcastle chief John Fletcher.
Nicky Clive Caswell, 29, from Walsall Wood and Carl John Fletcher, 43, from Derby, had tried to hide the weapons in the wheels of their car.
The retailer's board has also extended the tenure of chief executive officer John Fletcher, the architect of its recovery strategy, beyond that of his current contract, which expires in September 2006.
In the second section, the other absolute metaphors mediate respectively the production of colonialism itself as "an object of knowledge" (185) with the audience as its subject in John Fletcher's Island Princess (1621) and the equivocal confirmation-by-denial of the culture of commercial exchange in Dryden's Amboyna (1673).
(a "city comedy"); Philip Massinger's The Roman Actor (a revenge tragedy); John Fletcher's The Island Princess (a lyrical "discovery play"); and John Marston's The Malcontent (which is rumored to "echo" Hamlet).
The remains of the van, in which 47-year-old John Fletcher was killed, were also taken away for forensic examination.
An unusual shaft of light was cast on a long-running literary debate when analysis by SER Systems' intelligent learning engine, SERbrainware, suggested, more or less conclusively, that Henry VIII was written solely by William Shakespeare and not the result of a collaborative effort-usually assumed to be John Fletcher - a view currently held by many literary experts.
A Court in Montreal fined John Fletcher pounds 275 for his odd method of selling sun lamps.
Field also wrote two comedies, A Woman Is a Weathercock (1612) and Amends for Ladies (1618), and he collaborated with Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher and with Philip Massinger on other plays.