John Fletcher


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Fletcher, John,

1579–1625, English dramatist, b. Rye, Sussex, educated at Cambridge. A member of a prominent literary family, he began writing for the stage about 1606, first with Francis BeaumontBeaumont, Francis
, 1584?–1616, English dramatist. Born of a distinguished family, he studied at Oxford and the Inner Temple. His literary reputation is linked with that of John Fletcher, with whom he began collaborating about 1606.
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, with whom his name is inseparably linked, later with Massinger and others. Fletcher may have collaborated with Shakespeare on Henry VIII and The Two Noble Kinsmen. He is also thought the principal author of Double Falsehood (first published 1727), in which Shakespeare may have had a hand. Though there is great uncertainty in dating the plays of Beaumont and Fletcher, their chief works appeared between 1607 and 1613. In Philaster, A Maid's Tragedy, A King and No King, and The Scornful Lady, they developed the form of the romance tragicomedy, which came to characterize a whole generation of later plays. In these plays a potentially tragic situation is developed until, at the end, through a twist of plot a happy solution is effected. A prolific writer, he enjoyed great success in many genres because of his entertaining and accessible poetry, his masterful use of sexual intrigue, and the refined composition of his work.

Bibliography

See edition of the works of Beaumont and Fletcher by F. Bowers (7 vol., 1966–); studies by E. Waith (1952), A. E. Thorndike (1965), and J. H. Wilson (1968).

Fletcher, John

 

Born December 1579 in Rye, Sussex; died August 1625 in London. English dramatist.

Fletcher wrote most of his plays in collaboration with F. Beaumont (Philaster, 1611; The Maid’s Tragedy, 1611; and A King and No King, 1611) and P. Massinger (The Little French Lawyer, 1619). Among the plays that he wrote alone were Monsieur Thomas (1615), Wit Without Money (1614), and Rule a Wife and Have a Wife (1624). Fletcher’s works pose no profound national, political, or ethical problems; the plays reflect the moral corruption of the nobility and the court aristocracy and challenge bourgeois Puritanism and its sanctimonious morality. Fletcher and Beaumont originated the genre of tragicomedy.

WORKS

The Works of Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher, vols. 1–10. Cambridge, 1905–12.
In Russian translation:
P’esy, vols. 1–2. [Introduction by A. Anikst.] Moscow, 1965.

REFERENCES

Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 1, part 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1945.
Wallis, L. B. Fletcher, Beaumont and Company. New York, 1947.
Leech, C. The John Fletcher Plays. London, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
STAR QUALITY: Alex Tait, pictured in action for England Under-19s against France earlier this year, has got huge potential, says Falcons boss John Fletcher
JOHN FLETCHER slammed the decision he reckons cost Newcastle Falcons victory at Gloucester - but reserved special praise for the Cherry and Whites despite his frustrations.
Councillor John Fletcher, chairman of the Millennium Forum, said: "The whole ethos of the initiative is to create fabulous public spaces and new buildings but at the same time exposing some of our hidden history.
Cllr John Fletcher, who received his chains of office yesterday, said he also intends to meet many of the authority's 8,000 employees to thank them for their contributions.
THE former leader of Coventry City Council, John Fletcher, is set to be the new deputy Lord Mayor.
JOHN FLETCHER reckons it is time for his Newcastle Falcons to iron out the creases from their performance as they prepare for Sunday's Premiership clash with Bath.
Former city council leader John Fletcher, who was in power when Whitefriars took over council properties, said yesterday he planned to launch an investigation.
John Fletcher, director of Warwickshire Education Services, said: "It proves that this department values its workforce, providing them with opportunities to develop and progress professionally.
New research suggests that Double Falsehood, a play published in 1728 and long credited to Lewis Theobald, was actually written by the Bard with the help of his sometime collaborator John Fletcher.
In seven years at Arbroath, John Fletcher played a fair few games.
John Fletcher, owner of The Birdcage, a popular bar in Newport, Gwent, has been ordered by the High Court to pay music licensing company PPL PS20,000, which includes PS6,000 in damages and PS14,000 in court costs.