John Franklin

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Franklin, John


Born Apr. 16, 1786, in Spilsby, Lincolnshire; died June 11, 1847, on King William Island. English arctic explorer; naval officer.

In 1818, Franklin commanded the Trent, one of two vessels in D. Buchan’s expedition, the purpose of which was to reach the Bering Strait by a northeasterly route across the North Pole. However, the ships turned back at 80° 34′ N lat., north of Spitsbergen, because of thick ice.

From 1819 to 1822, Franklin headed an expedition that crossed Canadian territory from York Factory on Hudson Bay to Coronation Gulf. The expedition explored the northern coast of the American continent near the mouth of the Coppermine River before making the difficult return passage to Hudson Bay.

From 1825 to 1827, Franklin headed another Canadian expedition. At the mouth of the Mackenzie River, the group divided. Franklin’s party proceeded west along the coast in two boats, while a party led by J. Richardson proceeded east in the two other boats belonging to the expedition. Richardson’s group then sailed up the Coppermine River and the Dease River to the Great Bear Lake, from which they turned south, sailing again along the Mackenzie River. Together, the two groups explored the northern coast of North America from 148° 52′ to 109° 25′ W long, and a large part of the territory around the Great Bear and Great Slave lakes.

In 1845, Franklin led an expedition on the ships Erebus and Terror in search of the Northwest Passage. All the participants in the expedition perished. The remnants of the expedition were discovered on the coast of King William Island by F. L. McClintock during his voyage of 1857–59.

A cape, a gulf, a strait, and a mountain range in Canada and Alaska are named in honor of Franklin.


Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Polar Sea in the Years 1819–22 [vols. 1–2]. London, 1823.
Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea in the Years 1825–27. London, 1829.


Arkticheskiepokhody Dzhona Franklina. London, 1937.
Magidovich, I. P. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Severnoi Ameriki, p. 337. Moscow, 1962.
Davydov, Iu. V. Dzhon Franklin, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1974.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
They had sailed with Sir John Franklin to the North Pole, and ridden with Havelock to the Relief of Lucknow, and when they were not lighthouses firmly based on rock for the guidance of their generation, they were steady, serviceable candles, illuminating the ordinary chambers of daily life.
Beardsley assures the reader at the outset that this is "to be the story of Sir John Franklin's life" (p.
John Franklin was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) on 20 February 1823, having been nominated by Charles Babbage (1791-1871), Edward Sabine (1788-1883), Francis Beaufort (1774-1857), and 18 others (Royal Society EC/1822/25,
ANSWERS: 1 Tour de France; 2 Greenwich; 3 Vesuvius; 4 John McEnroe; 5 Sir John Franklin; 6 Adrian Mole; 7 The ant; 8 The Lusitania; 9 Daphne Du Maurier; 10 West Ham United.
Following the visit our president, John Franklin, chose the hospice as our charity of the year." After the visit the group enjoyed a meal at Bradley Golf Club.
But the rAC's John Franklin said: "Motorists are still paying huge amounts at the pumps.
Its commander, Admiral Sir Richard Collinson, was searching for Sir John Franklin's expedition, on which it later emerged all had died.
SCOTT DOUGAL The Man Who Ate His Boots Sir John Franklin and the Tragic History of the Northwest Passage by Anthony Brandt is published in hardback by Jonathan Cape, priced pounds 20.
Kelly Celony and her husband Woobens of New York, Patrick Franklin of Southbridge, Shannon Franklin of California, John Franklin and his wife Sonia of Gardner, and Erin Franklin and her husband Derek Francis of Tennesee; two brothers, Gary Underwood of Ohio, and Kevin Underwood of Charlton; three sisters, Gayle Underwood of Rhode Island, Myrtie "Barbara" Benoit of Sturbridge, and Judie Brunelle of Mississippi; nine grandchildren, Ashley Clemons, Brian, Jacob, Heather, Jessica, Justin, and Ainsley Franklin, Alec Ashworth, and Woobens Celony; and several nieces and nephews.
of Public Instruction) and John Franklin (formerly managing editor and project manager at ASCD) offer educators and policymakers a concise text in support of the development of well-articulated K-12 second-language programs in the U.S.
John Franklin, spokesman for tournament sponsor Virgin Money, said, 'Crazy Golf is a game that can be played by all the family.