John George


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John George,

1585–1656, elector of Saxony (1611–56). A drunkard, he nonetheless ruled the leading German Protestant state during the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
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. He vacillated in his policy between support of the Holy Roman Empire against the Lutheran princes and aid to his fellow Lutherans. He backed (1620) Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand IIFerdinand II,
1578–1637, Holy Roman emperor (1619–37), king of Bohemia (1617–37) and of Hungary (1618–37); successor of Holy Roman Emperor Matthias.
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 against Protestant rebels in Bohemia under Frederick the Winter KingFrederick the Winter King,
1596–1632, king of Bohemia (1619–20), elector palatine (1610–20) as Frederick V. The Protestant diet of Bohemia deposed the Roman Catholic King Ferdinand (Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II) and chose Frederick as king.
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, and in return was promised Lusatia. After Frederick's defeat, however, he opposed the transfer (1623) of the Palatinate to Duke Maximilian IMaximilian I,
1573–1651, elector (1623–51) and duke (1597–1651) of Bavaria, one of the outstanding figures of the Thirty Years War and an ardent supporter of the Counter Reformation.
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 of Bavaria. The Edict of Restitution (1629), abrogating Protestant rights, increased his opposition to imperial policy. John George joined the Swedes against the emperor, and the Saxon army invaded Bohemia. The Saxons were driven back by the imperial general WallensteinWallenstein or Waldstein, Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von
, 1583–1634, imperial general in the Thirty Years War, b. Bohemia.
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, who turned on Saxony (1632) and devastated it. In 1635, John George deserted the Swedish alliance and concluded the Peace of Prague with Ferdinand II, which confirmed his possession of Lusatia. War continued and Saxony was repeatedly destroyed by opposing armies. In 1645, John George signed an armistice with the Swedes. After the war, the Holy Roman emperor made him titular leader of the Protestant estates.
References in classic literature ?
John George M'Tavish, a partner of the Northwest Company, who had charge of the rival trading posts established in that neighborhood.
John George M'Tavish, bound, full of song and spirit, to the mouth of the Columbia, to await the arrival of the Isaac Todd.
AN auction sale tomorrow carries a reminder of the lively and colourful life lived by the first Earl of Durham, John George Lambton.
John George Sinnicki, 87, died March 9, in Barnegat, N.J.
The building was later used as the John George Joicey Museum, and is currently used as offices by the National Trust.
8, 1922 in Oconee Township, Shelby County, the 13th and youngest child of John George and Allie Rose (Walter) Wessels.
A notorious serial killer, John George Haigh hit the headlines in the late 1940s.
Bromsgrove Ramblers and Royal Sutton Coldfield C shared the spoils in a 5-5 draw, with John George of Ramblers the only unbeaten player.
The group consists of four musicians, including Youaan George on guitar, Daniel Yasser on Cajon and John George on Tabla (Percussions).
Lt John George Bodker, of Halifax Old Road, lost his life at the battle of Cambrai.
John George Haigh 1949 "Acid bath" murderer John Haigh, who confessed to nine killings, was executed at Wandsworth Prison.