John Henry Wigmore

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John Henry Wigmore
BirthplaceSan Francisco, California, USA
Known for Wigmore chart

Wigmore, John Henry,

1863–1943, American legal educator, b. San Francisco, grad. Harvard (B.A., 1883; M.A. and LL.B., 1887). He taught (1889–92) Anglo-American law at Keio-Gijuku Univ., Tokyo. After 1893 he was a professor of law at Northwestern Univ.; from 1901 to 1929 he was dean of the law faculty. Wigmore is especially noted for his monumental work usually known as Treatise on Evidence (4 vol., 1904; 3d ed., 10 vol., 1940; suppl. 1964). This work is at the same time a lawyer's manual of practice and an incisive and highly critical survey of the law of evidence. His shorter works on evidence include books usually cited as The Code of Evidence (3d ed. 1942) and Students' Textbook of Evidence (1935). Out of Wigmore's interest in comparative law came his Panorama of the World's Legal Systems (3 vol., 1928; repr., 3 vol. in 1, 1936).
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Wigmore, John Henry

(1863–1943) law educator; born in San Francisco. Educated at Harvard, fluent in many languages, he taught law in Tokyo (1889–92). In 1893 he became a law professor at Northwestern University, becoming dean of its law school (1901–29). He was noted for his prolific legal writings, chief of which is his ten-volume Treatise on the Anglo-American System of Evidence (3rd ed. 1940). He was a founder and first president of the American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology (1909–10).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1904-1905, John Henry Wigmore first gave the legal world his monumental treatise on evidence law, now known by the eponymous title Wigmore.
perspectives of Jeremy Bentham and John Henry Wigmore. The first
John Henry Wigmore was dean of the Northwestern University School of Law.
McCoy, sixty-three, had studied at Harvard Law School in the 1880s, where he was one year ahead of John Henry Wigmore; like Wigmore, McCoy had studied Evidence with Thayer.
John Henry Wigmore. When MAJ John Henry Wigmore was called to active duty in 1917, he "was at the peak of his career." (11) His widely acclaimed and authoritative text, A Treatise on the System of Evidence in Trials at Common Law, was in print, and he was the dean of Northwestern University Law School.
Lo cierto es que, tal como apunta Zubacz, de los criterios sentados por el jurista norteamericano John Henry Wigmore en su Evidence in Triab at Common Law para la proteccion procesal de comunicaciones confidenciales (criterios de los que se sirve el Tribunal Supremo de Canada) se deduce sin dificultad que el sigilo de confesion esta protegido, aunque se hace necesaria una mayor profundizacion (que el autor confia a ulteriores investigaciones) en determinados elementos que abonen con firmeza sus conclusiones.
(83) John Henry Wigmore noted that "the real field for controversy remains ...
Dean John Henry Wigmore, after perusing "many thousands of contemporary decisions," offers five criticisms of the qualities of judicial decisions.(4) First, Wigmore laments the judiciary's "lack of acquaintance with legal science." Second, he points out the judiciary's "unfamiliarity with the body of controlling precedents." Third, Wigmore criticizes "overemphasis on the technique of [analyzing] legal rules in detail, with corresponding underemphasis on policies, reasons, and principles." Fourth, he observes undue servitude to the bondage of precedent.
The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, as it is named today, was begun in 1910 by John Henry Wigmore, dean of the School of Law at Northwestern University.