Hume, John

(redirected from John Hume)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Hume, John,

1937–, Northern Irish political leader, grad. St. Patrick's College, Univ. of Ireland (B.A., 1958; M.A., 1964). A moderate Catholic, he devoted his career to the peaceful settlement of sectarian conflicts in his homeland. A founding member (1970) of the nonsectarian, nonviolent Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), Hume was a member of Northern Ireland's parliament (1969–72) and assembly (1972–73). Leader of the SDLP (1979–2001), he was elected to the European parliament in 1979 and to the British parliament in 1983. Despite severe criticism, he held talks (1988–93) with Gerry AdamsAdams, Gerry
(Gerard Adams), 1948–, Northern Irish political leader. Born into an Irish nationalist family, Adams became politically active during the Catholic civil rights demonstrations of the 1960s, joining Sinn Féin and most probably (despite Adams's denials)
..... Click the link for more information.
, leader of Sinn FéinSinn Féin
[Irish,=we, ourselves], Irish nationalist movement. It had its roots in the Irish cultural revival at the end of the 19th cent. and the growing nationalist disenchantment with the constitutional Home Rule movement.
..... Click the link for more information.
, which resulted in the Hume-Adams Initiative, a basis for multiparty peace talks and the 1994 ceasefire. Hume, Adams, and the pro-British Ulster Unionist party leader David TrimbleTrimble of Lisnagarvey, William David Trimble, Baron,
1944–, Northern Irish political leader, grad. Queens Univ., Belfast (LL.B.). A Protestant Unionist, he became (1969) a barrister and taught law at his alma mater.
..... Click the link for more information.
 later participated in multicountry negotiations that resulted in the historic 1998 peace agreement. Hume subsequently (1998–2000) served as a member of the new Northern Irish assembly. He and Trimble were co-recipients of the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize; Hume was also awarded the 2001 Gandhi Peace Prize.


See biographies by B. White (1985) and P. Routledge (1997); G. Murray, John Hume and the SDLP (1998).

References in periodicals archive ?
JOHN Hume has been hailed by a former US President as Ireland's Martin Luther King for his role in bringing peace to the North.
John Hume is a Nobel Peace Prize-winning Irish politician who helped found the Social Democratic and Labour Party and served in the parliament of Northern Ireland.
John Hume and David Trimble deserved the Nobel Peace Prize but Brendan Duddy deserved it too.
JOHN HUME famously never kept a diary, at least not the kind that would contain personal reflections that have so often proven indispensible to the portrayal of a complex and storied life.
Reynolds helped instigate the famous handshake between Sinn Fein boss Gerry Adams and ex-SDLP leader John Hume in Dublin in 1994.
FORMER SDLP leader John Hume said he was humbled after being voted Ireland's Greatest in a nationwide poll.
Nobel Peace laureate John Hume shared his experience of helping to bring about the Good Friday Agreement.
Also receiving a Doctorate of Laws during the ceremony at Liverpool's Philharmonic Hall was John Hume, former leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party in Northern Ireland.
The leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party in Northern Ireland, John Hume, will also be presented with a Doctorate of Laws
The money, which comes following requests from Derry City Council and local MP John Hume, will fund cost overruns on previous runway projects, safety work and clearing obstacles at the western end of the runway, reported BBC.
A secret document compiled by RUC Special Branch claimed that former SDLP leader John Hume and three colleagues worked as agents of the Irish government at the time of Bloody Sunday.
I ONCE came across a crisp that looked like ex-SDLP boss John Hume.