Located 86km south of Amman, Madaba has a rich history that dates back to the Maccabean times (c.165 BC), he said, adding that the city had been re-occupied by the Ammonites, but in around 110 BC it was taken, after a long siege, by John Hyrcanus
. Known also as the "City of Mosaics", Madaba is best known for its spectacular Byzantine and Umayyad mosaics.
It covers a bird's eye view of biblical history: from King David to the start of the Hellenistic period; from the arrival of Hellenization in Judaea to the outbreak of the Maccabaean uprising; the Maccabee trio Judas, Jonathon, and Simon; and the Hasmonaeans from John Hyrcanus
to Mattathia Antigonus.
the Hasmonean leader John Hyrcanus
destroyed the Samaritan temple on Mt.
As Telushkin suggests, the "vile" Herod would never have become king had not the Hasmonean King John Hyrcanus
forcibly converted the grandfather of Herod, Antipas, who became governor of Idumea.
So around 300 BCE the Samaritans built their own shrine on Mount Gerizim as a rival to the Temple in Jerusalem; John Hyrcanus
destroyed the shrine ca.
Eshel opts for John Hyrcanus
and his Jericho palace.
Simon's son, John Hyrcanus
, after initially facing a Seleucid siege of Jerusalem, finally ejected the Hellenists from the Land of Israel.
Beginning with the competition of Pharisees and Sadducees for influence in the courts of the Maccabean rulers John Hyrcanus
(135-104 BCE; Antiquities 13.288-298), Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 BCE; e.g., Antiquities 13.401), and Salome Alexandra (76-67 BCE; Antiquities 13.408-415), these groups alternated in setting the religious standards adopted by the monarchy (Antiquities 13.296 & 408).
Josephus clearly regards the Sadducees of John Hyrcanus
' reign as the same party as the Sadducees of the first century AD.
It was only in the reign of John Hyrcanus
, a generation after the initial Maccabee triumph, that the Hasmoneans could claim true independence.
Thus, for example, the scribe who wrote the "Community Rules" (IQS) in addition corrected 1Q[Isa.sup.a], wrote a copy of the Book of Samuel (4Q[Sam.sup.c]), and copied a page of quotations against John Hyrcanus
(4QTest), as well as several additional scrolls.
Josephus reports that during the reign of John Hyrcanus
I (135-104 BCE) a Pharisee named Eleazar complained that Hyrcanus was not fit to be high priest because his mother was `a captive in the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes'.(1) His successor Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 BCE) found himself the target of the same criticism.