John III Sobieski


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

John III Sobieski

 

Born Aug. 17, 1629, in Olesko; died June 17, 1696, in Wilanów. King of Poland from 1674.

As grand hetmán of the crown, Sobieski commanded the Polish troops in the Polish-Turkish War of 1672–76; he crushed a Turkish army in a battle at Khotin on Nov. 11, 1673. He was elected king by the Sejm after this victory. In April 1683 he entered into an alliance with the Austrian Hapsburgs to oppose Turkish aggression; coming to the aid of the Austrians, he routed the Turks in a battle near Vienna on Sept. 12, 1683.

Sobieski drew Russia into the anti-Turkish coalition by concluding with Russia the Eternal Peace of 1686. Sobieski attempted to establish a hereditary monarchy in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth but encountered resistance from the Polish magnates and opposition from Austria and Brandenburg.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1674 John III Sobieski (1629-1696) was elected king of Poland.
He later became leader of the opposition during the reign of John III Sobieski (1674-96) and an agent of King Louis XIV in Poland.
In it he relates tales of the 17th-century bloody Polish wars against Sweden and Muscovy, the catastrophic last years of the reign of King John II Casimir Vasa (1648-68), and the incompetent rule of King Michael Wisniowiecki (1669-73), and he concludes his narrative with the splendid reign of King John III Sobieski (1674-96).