Ireland, John

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Ireland, John

(īr`lənd), 1838–1918, American Roman Catholic prelate, first archbishop of St. Paul, Minn. (1888–1918), b. Co. Kilkenny, Ireland. He emigrated to St. Paul in childhood. He was educated at French seminaries, was ordained (1861), and soon enlisted as a chaplain in the Civil War. He became prominent when he was cathedral pastor (1867–75) at St. Paul, as a strong advocate of total abstinence, opposing the liquor interests, and as an opponent of political corruption. In 1875 he was made coadjutor bishop of St. Paul and in 1884 bishop; in 1888 his see was made archiepiscopal. Bishop Ireland was an energetic spokesman for liberal American Catholicism. He gained many enemies by advocating state support and inspection of Catholic schools and by opposing the use of foreign languages in American Catholic churches, except in extreme need, and in parochial schools under any circumstances. He was in favor of Western settlement by immigrants, who could thereby escape the poverty of the Eastern urban environment. He continually made public statements on political matters, and he was a close personal friend of Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt.

Bibliography

See biography by J. H. Moynihan (1953).


Ireland, John,

1879–1962, English composer. Inspired by visits to the Channel Islands, he wrote music of a simple, rugged beauty. His many songs include the cycle Songs of a Wayfarer (1903) and Sea Fever (1913), to the poem by John Masefield. In addition to songs, chamber music, and piano pieces, Ireland wrote orchestral music.

Ireland, John

(1838–1919) Catholic prelate; born in County Kilkenny, Ireland. Emigrating to the U.S.A. with his parents (1849) and settling in St. Paul, Minn., he later studied in France and was ordained a priest (1861). He was a Civil War chaplain and cathedral rector before being named coadjutor bishop of St. Paul (1875). In 1884 Ireland became bishop of St. Paul, which was made an archdiocese four years later. Regarded as a liberal and possible target of an 1899 papal encyclical condemning "Americanism," he took stands on many controversial issues, as in his "Faribault plan" for state support of parochial schools.
References in periodicals archive ?
While the Scottish Government has more borrowing powers under devolution, SFC chief executive John Ireland told Holyrood's Finance Committee that these are limited.
Harold Stuart Jefferson, company superintendent, Castle Road, Causewayhead, admitted being the owner of a dog which on March 18, 1959, in the front garden of the above address, rushed at postman John Ireland Steele , 88 Gillies Hill, Cambusbarron, and bit him.
I was waiting for autographs by the Wolves' team coach at the end of the game when John Ireland (then Wolves' chairman) asked the police officer in charge what had happened to the fan who had run onto the pitch.
David John Ireland, 34, of Churchill Street, Howdon, will serve a 16-month prison sentence after pleading guilty at Newcastle Crown Court to three counts of conveying a prohibited article into prison.
David John Ireland, 34, of Churchill Street, Howdon, will serve a 16-month prison sentence after pleading guilty to three counts of conveying a prohibited article into prison.
Cox, of John Ireland Close, Ringland, has been ordered to appear for trial on October 15 Thomas, of Conwy Croft, Somerton, who also appeared via video link, pleaded guilty to affray and will be sentenced on June 15.
His Dumfries concert will include sonatas by Scarlatti and Beethoven and works by Cesar Franck, Chopin and also John Ireland (with support from the John Ireland Charitable Trust) - a truly exciting piano recital by a virtuoso pianist.
John Ireland, Associate Professor at the Rochester Institute of Technology Dubai, suggests that 68 per cent of Muslim customers in the UAE are prepared to shift loyalty from Islamic banks to conventional banks to obtain better rates.
"John Ireland's team of on-the-night bookmakers produced a great evening's racing calendar.
Yes it's Merrie Olde England made into a sort of musical theme park in John Ireland's A London Overture and Vaughan Williams' A London Symphony.
Variety said the production "holds La Jolla audiences spellbound" and described Summer as "a strange, moody play" that director James Neilson "carries to a tragic climax in an intense crescendo of conflicting emotions." Variety also praised leads John Ireland and Dorothy McGuire, crediting McGuire with "real dramatic stature in a difficult characterization" and Ireland with "restraint that lends grandeur to the role." Far from dismissing the new Williams offering, Variety noted, "Summer and Smoke is not a pretty play and the Playhouse showed courage in staging it before a summer audience."
John Ireland (1879-1962) was a British composer known primarily for a handful of works, such as The Island Spell for solo piano, two violin sonatas, and the song Sea Ryer.